How to plant cabbage in open ground seedlings and seeds
Depending on the variety, cabbage can be grown in seedlings or sown seeds in the spring immediately in open ground. In this article, we will talk about preferred planting dates, choosing the most suitable variety and some of the nuances of the procedure.
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How to choose the time of planting cabbage in open ground seeds
First of all, the soil should be well warmed up (+12 at a depth of 15 cm). Sowing seeds in cold soil will cause them to rot. Typically, such weather conditions develop by the end of April and the first days of May.
REFERENCE. If we talk about air temperature, then it should warm up to +15 degrees.
When to plant seedlings of cabbage in open ground
Planting cabbage seedlings in open ground starts from the last days of April and lasts until the last May decade, depending on the growing region and variety of cabbage. Air temperature not less than 15 degrees.
NOTE. Cabbage seedlings should have 3 pairs of real leaves. The seedlings themselves must be strong and healthy.
Also, when choosing a specific date for sowing plant seeds and planting cabbage seedlings, you need to focus on the lunar calendar.
Favorable days for landing in the open ground in 2020
It is customary to plant cabbage on the growing moon. Landing in this lunar phase ensures maximum seedlings growth and rapid seed germination, as well as the resistance of the culture to diseases and pests.
In 2020, the days of the growing moon were distributed by month as follows:
- March – 1-8, 25-31.
- April – 1-7, 24-30.
- May – 1-6, 23-31.
- June – 1-4, 22-30.
Among gardeners, relying on the lunar calendar, it is customary not to work on days of the full moon and new moon. In 2020, an unsuccessful time for planting this crop fell on the following days:
- March - 9 and 24 numbers.
- April - 8 and 23 numbers.
- May - 7 and 22 number.
- June - 5 and 21 numbers.
Favorable and unfavorable days for sowing cabbage in the open ground in 2020
Sowing seeds in open ground is also necessary in the phase of the growing moon. This applies to absolutely all varieties of cabbage.
That is, in March from 1 to 8 and from 25 to 31, in April from 1 to 7 and from 24 to 30, in May from 1 to 6 and from 23 to 31, in June from 1 to 4 and from 22 to 30 .
How to choose the time for planting seedlings depending on the region
In different regions, warm weather is set at different times. We will analyze when to plant this culture in Russia.
FAMOUS SIGN. It is necessary to plant cabbage seedlings after the bird cherry blossoms.
Central Black Earth
In this region, cabbage seedlings can be planted starting from the last ten days of April with the adjustment of a specific date in accordance with the established weather and the lunar calendar.
South of Russia
In the southern regions, cabbage seedlings are brought to a permanent place, starting in April.
Ural and Siberia
In the Urals and Siberia, planting seedlings should be planned after mid-May. In a good year, you can transplant seedlings even on May holidays.
Moscow and Moscow region
In the metropolitan area, seedlings can be planted from the beginning of May (early varieties) until the end of the month (late varieties).
How to sow cabbage seeds in open ground step by step
Consider a detailed algorithm for sowing cabbage seeds directly into the open ground without growing seedlings.
How to process planting material before planting
First of all, cabbage seeds need to be soaked in a solution of hydrogen peroxide for a day. This will help the seeds germinate faster.
BTW. Using peroxide as a liquid for soaking will save you from having to pickle the grains again. Peroxide will destroy all harmful elements on the outer shell of the seed.
How to choose a suitable grade
It is better to take several varieties of cabbage. Early ripe varieties are planted early. They can survive small frosts, but are poorly stored. Late ripening is usually cleaned after the first spring freeze. Mid-ripe varieties are eaten after harvest.
Thus, having planted several varieties of culture, you can leave a few heads of cabbage for storage, and use the rest for food.
At what depth should the seeds be planted
Seeds are sown to a depth of not more than 3 cm. Fertilizer (compost or a pinch of monophosphate) can also be placed on the bottom of the wells. The planting hole must be moistened so that the seeds germinate faster.
What to do after seedlings of cabbage
When the first shoots of cabbage appear, they can be covered. To do this, use agrofibre or ordinary halves from plastic bottles.
But this is a completely optional procedure. In good weather, cabbage seedlings grow well without shelter.
At first, it is important to regularly water the seedlings and weeds of the beds. Also, the day after watering, you need to carefully loosen the soil.
How to care for shoots of cabbage in the open ground
When the shoots appear, some of them will be next to each other. You can just thin them, or you can plant good seedlings.
When the seedlings grow a little they need to spud. Perform this procedure regularly. So you will make the plant more resistant. In addition, moisture will be better stored in the mound.
Do not forget to regularly water the seedlings. You need to do this in the evening. In the morning you can loosen the soil.
It is also important to protect the planting from pests: cabbage, fleas and slugs. If you spray with insecticides or fungicides, then do not forget to add soap to the solution. Solutions stick to cabbage leaves very poorly.
How to feed seedlings in the open ground
Planted plants can be fed with nitroammophos at first. This is a complex fertilizer that will saturate the seedlings with all the necessary trace elements. Enough tablespoon in a bucket of water.
How to choose a place for planting and planting cabbage
To get a good harvest of heads of cabbage, you need to choose the right place for planting crops. Cabbage loves sunlit places. Also for her, the absence of pests such as wireworms and weeds is very important.
In addition to the above items, it is very important to choose the right soil and plant the crop after the right predecessors, who did not deplete the soil and did not leave behind pests and spores of fungal diseases that are dangerous for cabbage.
What kind of soil does cabbage like?
This culture loves fertile soils. It is important that the soil is neutral in acidity. Another such point: although cabbage loves moisture and abundant watering, it does not tolerate stagnation of water at the roots. Therefore, it is important that groundwater passes at least a meter away from the root system.
At what distance from each other to plant cabbage
When planting seedlings or sowing seeds directly into the ground, it must be borne in mind that cabbage will grow and dissolve its leaves. If you take good care of the seedlings, the heads of cabbage will be large, which means that the lower leaves will spread very much. If you plant the plants too close to each other, then in the future the seedlings will not have enough room for growth, they will shade each other.
Early varieties and medium-sized hybrids of white cabbage are planted at a distance of 40 cm from each other. Mid-season and late varieties are planted further - at a distance of 70 cm from each other.
We will talk about the distance between seedlings and seeds of other varieties a little later.
Is it possible to deepen the elongated seedlings of cabbage
If your cabbage seedlings, which you want to plant in open ground, have stretched, then it can be slightly deepened. Deepening is necessary to the first true leaflet.
This simple agricultural technique will allow the seedling to form additional roots and build up mass.
ON A NOTE. Get ready for the fact that in-depth seedlings will be slightly behind in development. This is normal, since such a seedling will first grow new roots and only then will deal with the growth of the aboveground part.
How to treat seedlings after planting in open ground
After transplanting seedlings, the first thing to do is water the plants. Also, seedlings can be pritenit in the early days.
From the raid of insect pests, plants can be sprinkled with tobacco dust. Pour it not on the cabbage, but at a certain distance. About 5 cm.
Also, so that the seedlings take root more quickly, they can be sprayed with water.
How to feed cabbage seedlings in the open ground
After the seedlings have been planted in open ground, it needs to be fed. It is better to use complex preparations (nitroammofosku) or ash infusion.
Then you can plant cabbage
If you follow the rules of crop rotation, then this crop can be planted after peas, beans, chickpeas, zucchini, potatoes, cucumbers, pumpkins, onions. These are good predecessors for culture. The soil after them is in optimal condition for cabbage. Also important is the fact that cabbage is not affected by pests from these plants.
Features of planting different types of cabbage
Now let's talk about some of the nuances of planting different types of cabbage seedlings.
Cauliflower does not grow very much, so planting it can save a little space. Plant seeds or seedlings at a distance of 0.2-0.3 m from each other with a row spacing of up to 0.5 m.
When and how to plant Brussels sprouts
The Brussels variety needs a little more room for growth. Plant it so that between the plants is not less than half a meter.
IMPORTANT! This species does not like top dressing with manure.
Planting seedlings in the open ground of Beijing cabbage
The distance between the plants is 25 cm. But, if you grow this variety on greens, then plant it in rows (3 in a row). Peking cabbage also loves mulching.
We plant white cabbage
Cabbage planting depth - 5 cm. You can dig a common trench, or you can separate holes. The bottom of the landing pit is watered and allowed to soak.
To seedlings better settled down, before landing on the bottom of the hole you can pour out a matchbox of monophosphate. From organic fertilizers, pre-ripe manure, compost or green manure. The norm is 500 g per well.
Next, we plant seedlings, slightly deepening them. We crush the ground so that there are no voids.
How to plant savoy cabbage
Savoy cabbage is planted in the same way as the usual white cabbage. Moreover, this variety prefers even the same fertilizer. This means that it is convenient to plant it along with white cabbage.
Kohlrabi seedlings are planted when the seedling has 2 pairs of leaves. The distance between the seedlings when planting should be about 60 cm. Smaller varieties can be planted closer to each other, larger ones, on the contrary, away from each other.
Tricks for planting and planting cabbage in open ground
Now let's talk a little about the secrets of experienced summer residents.
- In order for the cabbage to better take root, the area for planting needs to be processed: dig, loosen, level and remove all weeds.
- Planting seedlings is the most optimal, since in this way the plants take root better and begin to bear fruit faster.
- Sowing seeds is the easiest way, since you do not need to grow seedlings. In this way, a later crop of vegetables is obtained.
- To seedlings better settled down, at the bottom of the hole lay a mixture of 300 grams of fresh manure and 30 grams of monophosphate. Then a small amount of earth is poured over the fertilizer and only then seedlings are planted.
- In the first weeks after transplanting seedlings, irrigation is often carried out, but in small doses - every 3 days, 4 liters of water. Then, the frequency of irrigation is reduced to 1 in a five-day period, but the rate of water consumption is increased to 10 liters. The next day, the soil under the cabbage is loosened.
- Plant several varieties of different cabbage (early, mid-ripening, late). So you are guaranteed to get a crop of vegetables.
- It is not necessary to regret frail and not growing seedlings. Feel free to remove them so that they do not interfere with healthy plants.
We will analyze the mistakes that most summer residents make when planting cabbage.
- Poorly prepared planting material. This applies to seeds and seedlings. Seeds should be pickled and germinated, and seedlings should be hardened, have 3 pairs of leaves.
- Unsuccessfully selected location. Cabbage should be planted in free space with access to the sun.
- Too frequent landing. This culture needs a place to grow. Too close the location of plants will not allow you to get normal yields, even with good care of the plants.
- Irrigation with water from a well or water supply. In principle, cabbage, especially grown plants, can be watered directly from a hose. But it is better to irrigate young seedlings with warm, settled water.
- Lack of top dressing. To seedlings better take root, pour ash, monophosphate or humus to the bottom.
Frequently Asked Questions
When to plant cabbage?
Once steadily warms up to +15. You can plant seedlings, and you can sow seeds.
Which cabbage is better to plant?
Choose several varieties and varieties to get the exact crop.
Do I need to mulch cabbage beds.
It definitely won't hurt. A mulch will allow you to retain moisture at the roots for longer.
If you follow the instructions exactly, you will get a big crop of strong heads of cabbage in the fall. Remember that although cabbage is a hardy plant, it also requires attention and proper care.