Nasturtium: growing from seeds at home, when to plant
Nasturtium (Tropaeolum), otherwise called capuchin, is striking not only for its grace, but also for the fact that its inflorescences and foliage are suitable for human consumption, as well as endowed with delicate pepper taste. In Russia, nasturtium is cultivated as a flower - an annual. Undoubtedly the easiest technique for growing it is the tactics of planting a flower directly into the ground. Nevertheless, breeding a plant from seedlings grown from its seeds is a fascinating and exciting action.
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How to determine the time of sowing Nasturtium?
You can determine the time of sowing nasturtium, if you understand in what way and in what place you want to bring it. Given that sprouts of nasturtium do not tolerate cold, sowing its embryos in the ground is possible only at the end of May. And even in this situation, you will enjoy primroses only from mid-July. That is why, if you have a desire to see the flowering of nasturtium in the first summer month and experience the joy of its inflorescences before the fall, it is imperative to sow its seeds no later than April for breeding seedlings.
REFERENCE! From time to time, they intend to breed nasturtium so that it blooms on the loggia or in a suspended flowerpot. In this case, the seeds for planting is not forbidden to sow in March or all year round. This method of growing is only suitable when it is possible to provide nasturtiums for blooming light and heat.
How to prepare planting material for sowing
When breeding nasturtium seeds, it becomes especially important how accurately the method of sowing seedlings will be implemented.
This important stage is essential in achieving a positive result. In this regard, we will study the most important stages of preparing planting material for sowing:
- Before planting seeds, you need to choose from them strong and not sick;
- selection of a container for sowing is mandatory, as the planted flower may not tolerate transplants (due to weak roots);
- it will be right to immediately plant it in a separate container, for example, peat pots, disposable cups, a pot (the required volume is 200-250 ml);
- it is possible to plant nasturtium without special preparations, but selection and preparation of seeds will approximate the period of sprout formation, strengthen them at the very initial stage;
- An ideal method of preparing nasturtium seeds for planting is to soak them in a special solution, following the attached instructions;
- it is possible to use aloe juice in proportion with water 1: 1 (keep the seeds in solution for a day);
- a solution of 5 ml of honey in 200 ml of water (immerse seeds for 5-6 hours);
- a tablespoon of wood ash - for two days, insist in 200 ml of water (seeds are immersed for at least 5-6 hours);
- independent production of suitable soil - mix equal amounts of crumbly, not heavy, highly nutritious soil with sand, peat and turf.
Varieties of nasturtium, which is better to choose
The family of this flower has more than 80 different classes of plants. Varieties are selected depending on the purpose of planting: you can green vertical structures, and you can choose a variety for carpet planting. Plant growers provided a large number of scenic varieties:
- Undersized can extend up to a height of 35 cm. Touching and elongated stems support small leaflets that look like a shield. Hue in small inflorescences, about 3 cm in size, is yellow or pale yellow, and there is a dark speck at the origin of the petal. This variety of nasturtium blooms from June to October.
- Terry, or fireball - This is an example of the magnificence within the subculture of this plant. Nasturtium simultaneously produces about 15 pieces of ovaries, 5-6 cm in size, with spikes and bright red leaves. Such balls flaunt on the loggias, fences and front gardens. They bloom from July to late autumn.
- King Theodore pleases with bright red ordinary inflorescences.
- Alaska 250-300mm long, strewn with an abundance of large marble leaves and the same yellow or pink inflorescences.
- Climbing nasturtium encircles fences, loggias, pavilions, terraces. Its side stems in a short time ovulate large areas.
- Foreign Nasturtium reaches a size of about 3.5 m. It blooms in mid-summer, and fades only with the onset of morning frost. Inflorescences consist of small buds, a pleasant yellow color. The rudiments of this variety in central Russia often fail to ripen due to lack of time.
When to sow Nasturtium for seedlings in 2020 according to the lunar calendar?
The Lunar calendar for this year will help to choose a time point that is optimal for the planting of nasturtium seeds.
Favorable days for sowing:
- in March: the second and third day of the month, then the last four days;
- in April: the first two days, then 6 and 7, 24 and 28, as well as 29;
- in May: third and fourth day, fifth and sixth, 25 and 26, as well as 30;
- in June: (directly into the soil) the first four days.
- in March: 7 and 8, 9, as well as the twentieth and twenty-first day, and from the twenty-fourth to the twenty-sixth inclusive;
- in April: from the third to the fifth day inclusively and on the 8th, sixteenth and seventeenth day, from 21 to 23;
- in May: 1 and 2, 7 and 9, 10 and 13, 14 and 15, 18 and 19, 20, as well as 22;
- in June: (into the ground) 5 and 6, 10 and 11.
When to plant depending on the region?
The time of planting a flower is directly related to which planting method is chosen and in which region the planting will be carried out. The content of nasturtium after planting consists in constant watering, weeding and getting rid of fading flowers, mainly while the shoots of inflorescences are young. Too frequent watering should be avoided, as with constant moisture in the earth, nasturtium will begin to overgrow with foliage. Before the flowering period, nasturtium should be regularly fed. The flower planting period is selected depending on the region in which it will grow.
FEATURE! From the beginning of the biting of the first sprouts to the flowering of nasturtium, 45-60 days will pass. If you plant it from seedlings, then the first embryo will hatch a little earlier.
- In Moscow and the Moscow Region It is preferable to plant nasturtium from mid-April.
- In the middle lane Russian nasturtium mainly grows with seedlings, so it has a longer flowering period. For the seedling method, it is advisable to plant nasturtium in March, and transfer it to the soil in April, but no later than June. This can only be done when the earth is completely warm.
- In the Urals and Siberia seeds are sown in April, but not later than May. It is necessary to have time to plant sprouts in the soil in late spring. The deadline is the beginning of summer.
- In the Leningrad region - The end of the second month of spring and the beginning of the third is the time when you can sow nasturtium.
How to choose a capacity for landing?
Nasturtium can be grown in a small container in which 2-4 recesses can fit. Peat pots or a moving-bottom container can be used to plant the seed. The best choice will still be a container designed to be planted in the ground along with a seedling. It has the property of self-processing, while fertilizing seedlings. The soil for future groundwork must not be heavy, with good air permeability. You can use peat, sand and turf in equal proportions. Also, the soil should not be acidic. If it contains too much organic matter, nasturtium will produce a lot of greenery, but not inflorescences. If, on the contrary, there is little organic matter, then there will not be many inflorescences.
Planting Nasturtium seeds step by step
Planting a nasturtium seed is not at all difficult, but there are some conditions for a successful planting. They depend on the planting method, which is of two types: planting seeds for seedlings and planting in open ground. Let's look at each of the ways step by step.
Seedling for seedlings:
- pour about 15 mm of expanded clay, small pebbles or broken brick to the bottom of the container - this is necessary for air exchange in the container;
- pour soil into containers for planting, while always leaving a gap of 20-30 mm between the container wall and the soil;
- moisten the soil with water, but not cold;
- cook with your finger or stick deepening in the middle of the container, it should be no more than 15-20mm;
- lower the seed into the groove;
- add as much soil as needed to the recess so that it equals the rest of its amount;
- pour warm water and cover the container with planted seeds with polyethylene, so that a greenhouse effect forms in it;
- put the container where the air temperature warms up to 20-22 degrees.
Planting seeds directly into the soil (in open ground)
The generally accepted method of planting nasturtiums. It is popular with many, as not time-consuming and applied efforts. Another plus of this method is that it does not require a pick of the plant, which can cause damage to the susceptible root system of seedlings:
- sowing the seed into the soil is allowed only at the complete end of the cold weather, and this depends on the region;
- just as in the case of planting seeds under seedlings, it is necessary to create conditions for the greenhouse effect, i.e. cover the landing with polyethylene;
- it is necessary to plant seeds in a well-lit place and protect from draft;
- Before planting in the soil, sand, peat or compost must be added to the seed well;
- Before planting seeds, they should be dipped in warm, but not hot water with manganese and soaked for 24 hours in clean warm water;
- make small holes in the soil so that between them is 25-40 cm, Seeds should be planted no deeper than 2 cm;
- 2-3 seeds are dropped into one recess, sprinkled with earth on top and watered.
ATTENTION! Experienced gardeners give advice: when planting seeds in disposable dishes, it is proposed to put it in a box or a stable container, because they are light in weight and when tipping over, the soil will fall out with the seedling.
How to Plant Nasturtium in Peat Pills
To date, peat tablets are one of the best ways to grow seedlings. Thanks to the fertilizers that make up their composition, they help to grow seedlings strong and resistant to stressful conditions in a short period of time. It is not difficult to plant seeds in peat tablets:
- first, with the help of a small recess available in the tablet, you need to identify where it has the top and where the bottom is and shift them to the stand;
- for their high-quality swelling, in several stages pour non-cold water, after half an hour, water that the tablet did not absorb must be drained;
- pre-germinated seeds, deepen into the recess of the tablet by 10-15 mm;
- cover the container with the planted seed with polyethylene and put it in a darkened, not cool place;
- do not forget to periodically remove the film for ventilation, and after the emergence of sprouts, the polyethylene should be removed and the container moved to where it is light enough;
- picking seedlings in this case is not needed, because the seedling code reaches the desired size, it is transferred with the tablet to a container of suitable size.
How to care for seedlings of Nasturtium, what tricks?
A certain stage of seedling growth is combined with specific instructions for its maintenance. At the first stage of seed growth, the containers in which they are placed need to be covered with polyethylene. This point is important because triggers the growth mechanism due to the greenhouse effect. The first shoots will appear within two weeks. Before they appear, the earth must be moistened regularly, but only with a syringe or sprayer.
Nasturtium seeds sprouted, what to do next?
As soon as the first shoots have appeared, the film covering them is removed, and the container itself is placed in a bright place to provide the necessary amount of light. For proper growth, sunlight should illuminate the shoots for at least 12-16 hours. If the light is not enough for the sprouts, then they will begin to stretch in length, then weaken and stop in development. Since the appearance of sprouts, the temperature is maintained in a certain way: it is impossible to less than 18 heat, but also above 22. Emerging shoots require constant watering, depending on the frequency of drying of the soil.
How to feed Nasturtium seedlings?
For a luxurious and long flowering period, nasturtium needs to be fed with fertilizers. At the beginning of the planting of seeds, the application of mineral fertilizers containing nitrogen is required, when the shoots have sprouted and gained strength, it is necessary to switch to top dressing containing potassium.
First feeding produced by nitrogen-containing fertilizers, not later than ten days after planting in the ground. The deadline is two weeks. Due to this, the flower is activated in growth and the first inflorescences appear.
Second feeding produced by fertilizers based on phosphorus and calcium and repeated no later than half a month later. With the help of the second feeding, nasturtium will begin to grow actively and gain strength for luxurious flowering.
Nasturtium Dive Rules
This process is considered the most difficult, because raises a lot of questions. The method of ordinary pinching a plant is not suitable here, since it does not bring the expected results. Transplantation of nasturtium can adversely affect it, due to the weakness of the root system. If possible, it is better to do without picking at all. However, if the shoots are very long and there is a need for picking, then when they are transplanted, deepen the nasturtium sprouts in the soil until the very beginning of the first leaves.
IMPORTANT! It is best to plant this flower immediately in a high capacity, so that, if necessary, just add the right amount of earth and do without a pick.
Is it possible to sow seeds immediately in open ground?
Planting this flower in the ground occurs in early May. It is necessary to wait until the full establishment of warm weather. Although nasturtium is considered tart to frost, still cold can significantly weaken its growth and make the adaptation period more difficult. For planting nasturtium, a bright place must be chosen, always without drafts.
Frequently Asked Questions
What to buy soil for growing seedlings?
The soil for growing seedlings can be made independently (more in the chapter "How to prepare planting material for sowing")
How can seeds be stimulated for further growth?
An ideal method for preparing nasturtium seeds for planting is to soak them in the liquid of a growth stimulant (for more details see the chapter “How to prepare planting material for sowing”)
Why don't seeds germinate?
The reason why seeds do not germinate may be in their long storage at home or in a store. If there are a lot of seeds, you need to check them in advance for germination, soaking a few pieces.
Why soak the seeds?
The seeds are soaked in order to test their germination capacity, in order to push them to germinate in the open ground and in order to save them from possible infection with any disease.
How to harden nasturtium seedlings?
Temperature hardening of seedlings: when planting, the container with seedlings is covered with a coating - polyethylene, a lid, etc., in order to harden, the coating is removed for a while. In turn, the seedlings receive the necessary oxygen and sunlight, which is beneficial for their growth.
What to do if Nasturtium seedlings are not growing?
If the seedlings do not grow, they need to be fed (for more details, see the chapter "How to Feed Nasturtium Seedlings").
To grow nasturtium for seedlings or plant it in the ground by seed is possible only with proper care for it. A fairly long time will have to provide nasturtium with complete peace and the necessary conditions. Nasturtium, planted with seeds from seedlings, will begin to bloom earlier than planted with seeds immediately in the ground.