Features of the raspberry variety "Yellow Giant"
Raspberries with yellow berries are not a popular variety; many experienced gardeners still doubt the quality of berries from a plant obtained by cloning. About 12 years, scientists have bred this variety.
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This article will discuss the description, care methods and common diseases, and pests of a new variety, as a result, many doubts will be dispelled for gardeners.
When developing new varieties of fruitful plants, scientists are guided by the needs of the consumer. Key factors include:
- growth and maturity;
- stamina before diseases and pests;
- the taste of the fruit, as well as the duration of berry preservation.
Interesting to know! The "Yellow Giant" is an ideal variety that combines all the qualities necessary for gardeners, including the level of vitamins in berries.
This raspberry variety is referred to as repair, as a result of which raspberry fruiting occurs on the processes of the first and second year.
First-year-olds have a brownish tint, second-year-olds are grayish in color. On the stalks, a raid similar to wax is observed.
The bushes have a direct shape; they do not scatter during growth. The plant in adulthood can reach up to 2 meters in height.
Along the entire length, small but spiky spikes are observed. The shoots are reliable, not fragile, differ from their analogues in high flexibility. The foliage has a saturated green color, along the contour of a serrated shape, with wrinkles on the surface.
Flowers and berries
During the period of abundant growth, the plant is covered with white flowers on thin and long flower-bearing processes. Flowering is observed from mid-July and lasts up to one and a half months.
Yellow berries grow on cuttings that differ in thickness. Fruits are about the same size, weighing up to 8 grams.
However, experienced gardeners noted instances of plum size up to 13 grams. This feature is one of the reasons for choosing a name for the raspberry variety.
The fruits have the shape of a classic cone-shaped raspberry, rounding with a sharp tip is noted downward.
The bones are small in size, tightly bonded to each other. On one shoot, up to 15-20 fruits grow, at the beginning of growth they have a pale greenish color, in the future it changes to bright yellow.
The first crop from adult bushes is harvested in early July, active fruiting is observed until mid-August.
In some regions with a mild climate, ripening of berries continued until September. As a result of the formation of a developed root system during the growth process, the raspberry variety is resistant to low temperatures, which makes it unpretentious. However, it is recommended that the bushes be prepared for the wintering period.
In the absence of diseases under normal conditions of flowering and fertilization of peduncles, one bush during the ripening period can bring up to 6 kilograms of yellow berries.
The fruits have excellent taste, a small acidity is very popular with children. The variety received a rating of 4.2 from tasters on a five-point scale.
Due to the high sugar content instead of acids, the berry has a sweetish taste. The composition contains a high level of folic acid, which makes it useful during pregnancy in women.
The use of berries will lead to increased immunity and blood formation in the human body. Contains a small amount of coloring matter.
The soft and soft pulp of the fruit does not allow transporting this raspberry variety for long distances. Gardeners recommend using it to make stewed fruit, jam, juice, and various desserts.
Photo raspberries “Yellow giant”
The main advantages include:
- Due to the development of the root system during growth, adult plants are considered resistant to frost, which allows the cultivation of raspberry bushes in the Urals and Siberia.
- Increased resistance to almost all diseases that ordinary raspberries are susceptible to. During periods of adverse climatic conditions, only young weak shoots of the bush can affect the fungus and infection. Experienced gardeners do not report infections that can completely destroy the entire Yellow Giant raspberry planted.
- Excellent taste allows you to cook a variety of desserts, compotes, juices and preserves from ripe fruits.
- Freshly suitable for shock freezing for the winter.
- Large sizes of fruits with a high content of useful substances.
Among the negative properties of this variety are not significant, however, gardeners indicate minor:
- in the process of active growth, a strong manifestation of small shoots is noted, as a result of which pruning is necessary;
- delicate pulp does not allow the berries to be transported over long distances, it is recommended to eat fresh, or apply shock freezing;
- susceptible to purple spotting, to prevent infection, it is recommended to treat the soil with a solution of copper sulfate;
- the presence of sharp spikes on the trunk, as a result, the collection of fruits is difficult.
Important! As a result of increased humidity, the berries of the "Yellow Giant" can change their taste, acquiring water content, or vice versa dryness. Rotting is not observed.
Planting and reproduction
Planting raspberry bushes is recommended in the fall before the onset of cold weather, as well as during the spring thaw, when the soil is completely warmed up. A necessary factor is that the root system has time to recover before active growth.
Since this variety is thermophilic, it is necessary that the landing site be with good lighting throughout the daylight hours. The designated area must be ventilated with fresh air in order to prevent an increase in soil moisture. However, strong drafts are not recommended.
Interesting to know! An ideal ground for planting raspberries The yellow giant is considered saturated with compost elements and loamy loamy soil.
In the course of preliminary preparation, before planting bushes in the autumn, dig up soil to a depth of 30 cm. Next, weed the roots of weeds and fertilize the soil, while maintaining a ratio of 25 kg of decayed manure per 1 m2.
They dig trenches up to 40 cm deep on the site, and it is necessary to maintain a distance of no more than 1.5 m between them. It is recommended to lay compost and ash on the bottom, seedlings are laid at a distance of no more than 80 cm from each other. The root system must be straightened, only then sprinkled with soil.
At the end of the transplant, the trench is completely sprinkled with earth, and then abundant hydration is performed.
When pits and ruts are formed, the trench is additionally filled with soil. Before abundant growth, it is necessary to pull a wire or rope along the trench so that the bushes can be tied up.
Active growth is used for propagation, as a result, high-quality material is obtained. Such processes can later grow into a full-fledged bush 2 years after planting in the ground.
Young shoots must be removed from the adult as close to the root as possible, while it is recommended to keep the heel.
The cut-off shoot is planted in prepared and fertilized soil, while a section is selected that is protected from direct sunlight, well ventilated. In the first year of independent growth, the soil is regularly moistened, additional feeding is not carried out.
The variety "Yellow Giant" is referred to as hardy and unpretentious, but it is also impossible to leave it without due attention. In the process of growth, bushes can grow overgrowth, such a factor can lead to degeneration of the plant. To prevent negative consequences, it is necessary to regularly trim young shoots, moisturize and competent fertilizers, as well as prepare for the winter period.
It is recommended that the soil be moistened abundantly, however, a saturation of the soil at the level of the root system with excess water is not allowed. In the dry season, up to 20 liters of water should be poured under the bush, not more than 2 times during the week. In wet weather, watering stops.
Raspberry bush must be processed 3 times during the period of active growth:
- At the beginning of the warm period in a young plant up to a year old, the processes are pinched. This method will allow the bush to acquire branching in the future. As a result, the gardener at the end of summer can get a plant with several branches.
- After harvesting in the first year of raspberry growth, it is necessary to remove part of the plant with a fruitful stem.
- In the spring period of active growth, all young shoots are pinched. The result is an increased yield.
Fertilizers and fertilizing
For abundant growth and obtaining a high yield, it is necessary to timely and correctly carry out the bait of the soil. In the autumn period, before disembarking into the soil, it is necessary to prepare it with decayed manure; limestone is also added to reduce acidity. In the summer, ash is applied under the bush no more than 3 times, as well as compost.
Diseases and Pests
Despite the fact that the plant is not exposed to diseases, infection from other types of garden plantings sometimes still occurs. The main infections are as a result of which the leaves are covered with yellowness and the yield is reduced:
- curl infection;
- defeat by a yellow mosaic.
In addition to diseases, pests can attack raspberries:
- weevil strawberry-raspberry;
- raspberry aphid;
- kidney moth.
To prevent damage to the Yellow Giant raspberry bushes, it is recommended to follow the rules of care and top dressing. When the soil is moistened, water stagnation in the root zone is not allowed. The result is large and aromatic fruit.