What needs to be done so that the amaryllis blooms and why it does not bloom at home?
Amaryllis was brought to Europe from South Africa. It belongs to the amaryllis family and is represented by only two species. Hybrid forms and varieties of Amaryllis belladonna or beautiful amaryllis are grown in room culture.
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The flower bulb can reach a diameter of 12 cm. A bare peduncle rises above the xiphoid or linear pointed leaves, crowned with funnel-shaped flowers, most often from 4 to 8.
In nature, lanceolate petals are white or pink. Cultural varieties have a fairly rich color palette - from classic bright red to white, greenish, golden and purple.
How often does it bloom?
The plant has a pronounced period of complete rest, after which flowering is observed.
If we recall its origin, it becomes clear why it is observed in March - April.
At this time, the flower at home - the end of summer, autumn. When we have the end of spring and summer amaryllis resting, winter came for him.
Flowering time depends on the variety of the flower and may occur at the end of winter or early spring. Some varieties bloom in summer or fall.
If you organize the distillation correctly, you can make amaryllis bloom at almost any desired time. But nevertheless, natural dates for this are preferable - the bulbs will be stronger, the plant itself is healthier, and flowering will be annual and plentiful. With proper care, blooming is possible in the same year.
Amaryllis flowering conditions
Sometimes, despite all efforts, amaryllis does not bloom. To understand what is the reason for the failure, we consider all the necessary conditions for flowering. Experienced flower growers have long known that conditions that are close to those in the natural habitat are necessary for a successful vegetation of a plant.
In the Cape, where the amaryllis comes from, summers are hot and winters are pretty cool. During the period of active vegetation the flower needs temperatures from 18 to 25 degrees. The difference between the temperature day and night should be minimal. When he is at rest - the temperature must be lowered.
Important!The minimum temperature for amaryllis at rest is +10 degrees.
When it is above 80%, the spread of the fungal disease of stagonosporosis is possible. Therefore, the flower does not need additional humidification. Only in extreme heat can he need spraying, but only in the morning or evening hours.
Daylight hours with active growth of -16 hours. If necessary, use additional illumination. For a flower, bright but diffused light is preferable. In direct sunlight, it can only be in the morning - up to 11 hours and in the afternoon - from 15 hours. Amaryllis is not required to be at rest.
It is chosen according to lighting needs. Best if it is a window oriented to the southwest or southeast. On the south window, the flower will have to be shaded at noon.
Important!In order not to distort the flower stalk, the pot is turned three times a week.
Why amaryllis does not bloom?
Two reasons are usually to blame:
- ignorance of the physiology of plant development;
- errors in care.
We will understand this in more detail and carry out the “work on errors”.
Non-compliance with the rest period
Amaryllis differs from many room dwellers in a period of complete rest.
All metabolic processes in the bulb slow down.
In preparation for rest, from the dying leaves, nutrients pass into it.
For this state, the flower needs to be prepared:
- Reduce daylight hours, and then put the flower in a dark room.
- Gradually lower the temperature.
- Reduce the amount of watering.
- Exclude top dressing.
After a good rest from autumn to spring, flowering will be plentiful and long. Without it, the bulb quickly depletes and forms only leaves.
Beginning flower growers may not be aware that the wrong pot is an obstacle to flowering.
It would seem, what is the relationship between the diameter of the pot and flowering? And she is, and the most direct. In a spacious pot, the plant willingly forms children. It is we who contain amaryllis in the house for spectacular flowering. And the plant blooms to give seeds. A spacious pot stimulates the vegetative method of reproduction, not flowering.
There is a rule for this flower: the diameter of the pot is 4 cm higher than the diameter of the bulb. Less is possible, more is impossible.
Advice! When choosing a container for amaryllis, get a stable pot, otherwise it can turn over under the weight of a peduncle.
Incorrect watering frequency
This is one of the common causes of lack of flowering. At rest, the flower does not need full-fledged watering, you just need a little moistening with the spray gun. When moving to the windowsill, it continues.
Flower arrow reached 10 cm - watering becomes regular. Moisturize the soil after a little drying of its upper layer. The flower arrow was cut, but watering does not stop.
The flower should grow leaves - they will nourish the bulb. When they begin to dry, watering is reduced. Water the flower on the walls of the pot; water should not fall on the bulb.
Lack of nutrients, too dense soil that does not allow moisture and air to pass, will certainly affect flowering. The substrate for planting should include humus - 1 part, sheet land - 3 parts.
For looseness add perlite - 2 parts (can be replaced with coarse sand). Strictly monitor the acidity, its indicators should be in the range of 6, 0-6.5. If there are no skills in making nutrient mixtures, it is better to buy ready-made soil intended for amaryllis.
Important!The prepared soil needs sterilization.
Poor flower spot
If there is little light, the plant can delay flowering until better times. Direct sunlight - stress for amaryllis. It will be uncomfortable for him in a draft and with frequent temperature fluctuations. All this must be taken into account when choosing a place for a flower.
It must be remembered that even healthy planting material will produce flowers only in the third year. When the bulb was struck by diseases, the plant will not be able to develop normally. Lack of flowering is observed if:
- too many children - we separate them from the mother's bulb;
- improper care has led to a decrease in the size of the bulb - we provide a full dormant period;
- it froze when the temperature was not observed;
- improper storage during the sleeping period;
- too deep landing.
When buying, you need to carefully check the planting material. For prevention, purchased bulbs are treated with a fungicide solution for half an hour.
There will be no flowers without proper nutrition. The plant needs to regain strength. To do this, he is fed every decade, while it is actively growing. Fertilizers for bulbs are suitable, they are bred in water according to the instructions.
What to do to make the amaryllis bloom?
Carefully analyze the care system, find errors and eliminate them. You may need to revise the root system and the bulb itself. Check the plant for diseases or pests, if found - destroy.
Amaryllis flowering lasts up to 20 days. All this time they spend regular watering, not forgetting to pour out excess water from the sump. Spraying at this time is not carried out - spots may appear on the petals. Experienced flower growers are advised to cut the first arrow after opening one flower. She will stand in the water for a long time, but a second will appear on her in exchange.
Advice!Usually on amaryllis there are up to 3 flower arrows, but the third is better to break right away so as not to weaken the plant.
The pot is rotated several times a week - then the peduncle will not bend.
Care after flowering
The arrow after flowering is cut off, leaving a small stump. During the period of leaf growth, abundant watering and top dressing continue until the time comes to prepare for winter.
Some gardeners plant plants in open ground and dig in the fall. But this is done if the flowering was in the spring. It is noticed that on the street the bulb is larger. The period after a month after flowering is best suited for a planned plant transplant.
How to care at different times for flowering?
This plant can be made to bloom at any time, creating an artificial dormant period. If it falls on November-December, the monthly care of the plant will be next.
If the plant is at rest, care for it is not required. Only every week you need to spray the earth from the spray gun. In late January, it is time to put pots with bulbs on the windowsill. If they were stored in the refrigerator, it's time to plant them in pots.
The sun woke the bulbs. They slowly wake up, a flower arrow has been outlined. At this time, it is sometimes enough to spray the earth in a pot. If the length of the arrow is beyond 10 cm - water and feed in the usual way.
The most critical period in care is the time of flowering. Watering and top dressing should be regular.
Flowering ends. It's time to crop the flower arrow. Feed the plant well to restore strength.
If necessary, you can transplant a flower or plant it in the ground when the threat of frost passes and the temperature is at least 18 degrees. Water and feed.
Continue watering and feeding.
The care is the same. Do not forget to protect plants from the scorching heat.
Continue to water and feed. At the end of the month, it is time to move the flower to the apartment, if it grew on the street - cooling can occur suddenly.
It’s time to prepare for winter peace. Gradually reduce watering and remove fertilizing.
By the end of the month, stop watering. Remove completely dried leaves.
At the beginning of the month, the flower is transferred to a cool and dark room. Spray the soil in a pot weekly.
A state of deep rest. No care is required except spraying
Typically, this care is needed for the flower, if the rest period is created artificially. In nature, it falls on July and August, respectively, the departure schedule is shifting.
Flowering to stimulate flowering
During flowering, the plant needs full mineral fertilizers with trace elements. They are bred in water according to the instructions. You can also feed organic matter by diluting the mullein with water 1:10. Such dressings need to be alternated.
Answers on questions
Many gardeners often have questions about flower care. Let's try to answer the most frequently asked.
Why doesn’t it bloom, but only leaves leaves?
There may be several reasons:
- a baby planted that blooms only after 3 years;
- too spacious pot or deep landing;
- the rest period is not observed;
- watering the flower before the arrow has grown to 10 cm;
- improper watering, light or temperature conditions;
- lack of food.
What to do with the bulb after flowering?
If there is a need, it can be transplanted. Continue leaving until the leaves fade.
What to do with the arrow after flowering?
When it begins to fade, it is cut off.
Is it possible to transplant blooming after purchase?
Better to wait until the flowering ends. The soil at the purchased flower does not absorb moisture well, so you need to pay special attention to watering.
The most common mistake is non-observance of the rest period or a transition to it that is too abrupt. You need to cook the plant gradually. Sometimes the wrong place is chosen for the plant, they do not observe the temperature regime, they are planted in unsuitable soil.
If you water too much, the roots may rot. The lack of moisture will not allow the amaryllis to bloom and develop well. Some gardeners begin watering when the arrow just hatch, and as a result do not receive flowering, the plant grows leaves.
Find out more from the video below:
In order for amaryllis to regularly delight in flowering, it is necessary to provide it with proper care, not forgetting about its physiological characteristics.
Do you have amaryllis? If you grew up this handsome man or know any secrets of care, write to us and do not forget about the photo of your pet.