Southern Night - a new sort of violet on your windowsills
A huge number of lovers of indoor flowers begin to tremble at the sight of violets. Such popularity of violets, and in the scientific "Saintpaulia", owes its long flowering period, which can last up to ten months a year.
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The compact size of the inflorescences allows you to place a lot of pots on the windowsills, so you can create a whole flowering meadow at home. "Southern Night" is a relatively new selection variety, and they love it for its unusual, bright color: as if the stars from the warm southern sky were transferred to flowers.
Violet "Southern Night" was bred by a breeder from Vinnitsa, Ukraine, Elena Lyubertskaya.
Her gradual fascination with violets turned into collecting, and then into a passion for selection. The number of varieties of violets bred by Elena today is more than 250 varieties.
This variety belongs to fantasy violets, which are characterized by randomly arranged spots or dots on the petals. The flowers themselves are dark blue with a thin white rim. Peas - fantasy on the petals bright raspberry.
The flower is not inclined to grow large foliage, he likes flowering more. This variety is trying to pull the leaves up, so they will not hug the pot. The flower outlet is very large, has a flat neat shape.
It is interesting to observe how the color of the bud changes during the flowering process: pink fantasy spreads over the center over time and turns red.
Then the juiciness of color “leaves”. Flowers at different outlets will differ in color: some are more red, others are purple, the size of pink peas is also different.
Features and differences from other varieties
Violet "Southern Night" refers to unpretentious varieties. What lovers of violets appreciate - long blooming paired with successful propagation - guaranteed this beauty a permanent residence permit on the windowsills of houses and apartments.
Photo violet LE “Southern night”
Violet bloom depends on the conditions created, consider them in more detail.
First of all, you need to purchase special soil for growing Saintpaulias.
This is a light and loose nutrient mixture that contains the elements necessary for your flowers.
Some gardeners advise adding ordinary garden soil to the ground, which is disinfected in the oven by calcination.
This is done so that the earth retains moisture better.
Be sure to drain drain on the bottom of the pot, otherwise excess moisture will be retained.
In which pot to plant?
Choosing a pot for planting violets is also an important point in its cultivation.
It is believed that violets do not like big pots. The root system of these flowers grows too long, and the plant does not have the strength and time for its main purpose - flowering.
Too small a pot does not suit the violet either. Therefore, it is not easy to choose the size, but there are recommendations from experienced gardeners - gardeners: the pot should be approximately 10 cm high and 10 to 13 cm in diameter.
Features of lighting violets: a lot of light, but at the same time exclude direct sunlight.
Attention! Violets are not friends with the sun! Moreover, the sun can cause burns and diseases on the leaves of the flower. You need to choose a place for your pets, which would you choose a child on the beach: light, warm, lots of sun, but no direct rays.
It is best to place pots with senpolia on the windowsills on the north side of your home. If this is not possible, and your windows are located only on the south side, you can hang a curtain of thick fabric on the window. It will protect the flowers from direct rays, but at the same time let in enough light.
16-20 degrees - this is the necessary temperature for propagation and cultivation of both our Southern Night variety and all other violets.
Day and night temperatures should not be the same, and they will differ by 3-4 degrees.
In winter, it is advisable to remove flower pots from window sills to another place in order to avoid hypothermia of plants.
All varieties of violets are known for their exactingness to air humidity. However, the plant can not be sprayed.
To increase humidity, water containers can be placed next to flower pots. Once a month for violets you can spend warm souls.
After you wash the plant, dip the leaves with a paper towel so that there are no drops of water left. This procedure is used to improve decorative qualities.
Planting and reproduction
There are several methods of reproduction, two of them are described below.
Propagation by cuttings
Propagation of violets by cuttings is a simple process. It is necessary to take a healthy beautiful leaf from an adult plant from the second bottom row and cut it with a sharp knife or blade at an angle. The length of the petiole on the cut leaf should be about 3 cm.
Important! scissors to cut leaves for reproduction is not recommended! With this method, the capillaries of the stem are pinched. This tip applies to all kinds of flowers.
The cut leaf is placed in a small glass with water at room temperature so that only the stem is in the water, but not the leaf itself. In two weeks, roots can be seen on a cut of the stalk.
Now the stalk can be planted in the ground. In a glass with drainage holes, pour thoroughly frayed and moistened substrate.
Then plant the stalk in a prepared place, compact the ground so that the leaf does not stagger. Water the earth again, cover the glass with a transparent container (you can cut the plastic bottle).
Watch your greenhouse so that condensation does not collect in it, otherwise the plant may die.
You can make a small hole at the top of the hood so that excess moisture does not linger inside. When you understand that the leaf is rooted, the greenhouse can be removed.
As the maternal leaf develops, he will have “babies”. The speed of their growth depends on the conditions that you created the plant.
The fewer "kids", the faster they will grow. It is better to separate them from the mother leaf when the degree of green color is sufficient. This means that the leaves have enough green pigment and they are strong enough.
Another way to propagate violets is by seed. The plant will grow much stronger than when cuttings. The color of the flower is also better transmitted.
Care of the high-grade senpolia
- One of the most important procedures for violets is watering. Room temperature water needs to be poured only under leafletswithout falling on them! Experienced growers are advised not to water the violets, but to put flower pots in a container with such prepared water. Water should not enter the pot through the top. In this way, as it were, irrigating the soil from below.
- Violets are transplanted at least 1 time in 3 years, and not more than 1 time per year. In this case, replace the substrate with a new one, remove damaged roots and leaves. It is impossible to transplant during the flowering of Saintpaulia.
- Violet is usually fertilized once every 3-4 weeks during the dormant period, and once every 2 weeks during the flowering period. You can buy fertilizer for violets in the store and add it to the water that you prepare for irrigation.
Diseases and Pests
- Powdery mildew - white spots on the leaves and stems of the plant, which may appear due to improper conditions for keeping violets. The diseased plants are treated with a single spraying with fundozole. If the procedure did not help, you can repeat it after 10 days.
- Late blight - a disease caused by the penetration of the fungus into the flower through the root of the plant or wounds on its leaves. You have to destroy the diseased flower and sterilize the pot. Therefore, it is easier to prevent late blight: monitor the humidity in the room, do not exceed it above the norm. Superphosphate fertilizer is also recommended.
- Gray rot - brown fluffy coating on the leaves and stalks of violets, it is a botritis mushroom. It can get into the soil from the outside, therefore it is recommended to freeze or sterilize the soil when planting. As a preventive measure - do not overdo it with watering and monitor the room temperature. Remove diseased violet leaves immediately to prevent the fungus from spreading to healthy parts of the plant.
- Aphid - It is brought into the house on other plants, most often cut flowers. Aphid drinks all the juice from violets, and then the plant develops and blooms inferiorly. You can fight aphids with the help of chemical plant protection products, such as Mospilan or Actellik.
We suggest you learn more from the video below:
If you take proper care of the violets, observe all the conditions for their cultivation and care, talk with them (they are alive!), You can be sure that their reciprocal love will not take long.