Muraiya: amazing flowering and delicate aroma
Delightful flowers, the most delicate aroma and tasty fruits - all this is muraya. A rare guest in home gardens, the Muraya flower rightfully requires worthy care.
With an attentive attitude to it, it will delight you with year-round flowering, a plentiful harvest and always a beautiful appearance.
Photo cannot convey the beauty of this magical plant, which imperial families worshiped in Japan and China.
In the Land of the Rising Sun, it adorned only the imperial garden. It was believed that by inhaling its aroma, the ruler of Japan does not age, and his offspring are born strong and healthy. The thief was chopped off for stealing the seeds of muraya.
In the Celestial Tree with amazing flowers and aroma guarded as the emperor. It was also believed that the most delicate vibes of muraiâ flowers give the emperor eternal life and youth.
Today, the area of the plant is quite wide; it can be found not only in Japan and China. It grows in India, in Taiwan, in Australia.
Belongs to the Rutov family, is distinguished by longevity - the age of some specimens exceeds 150 years.
In nature, Japanese muraya grows up to 7 meters in height, at home, its growth does not exceed 1.5 m.
She has a branched crown, the branches of which, intertwining, form an openwork pattern of yellowish-gray glimpses of the bark and glossy green oval leaves.
Paniculate inflorescences, composed of small flowers of milky white color. Fading, they form fruits - red berries.
Species and varieties
Scientists know about 10 plant species, but only a part of them are adapted to home maintenance.
The maximum growth of the plant is 3 meters, but home specimens are an order of magnitude lower. Skillful growers grow from bonsai murai.
Paniculata muraia is closely related to orange and lemon trees. If you rub her leaf, it will exude a citrus aroma.
It has long (up to 12 cm) ellipsoidal leaves with a glossy surface and dense structure. The crown is thick, consists of flexible branches. Their bark is light gray. On each branch 12-14 leaves grow. Plant flowers are painted in beige and white.
Attention! It blooms only in adulthood, to 5-6 years.
It has fast growth and is very wide in breadth. Contained in tubs. Bendable branches have to be tied so that they do not break. Murai berry can be colored in orange, red and even dark blue.
Koenig Aronia (koenigii)
Koenig is a native of India. It is an impressive tree with a height of 6 meters and a trunk diameter of 40 cm. The leaves are pinnate, 11–20 small leaves with a length of 2–4 cm are formed on one cuttings.
This species has very large inflorescences, consisting of 70–80 white corollas.
After flowering, black berries appear on the branches. For such an original appearance and a peculiar coloring of the könig fruits, they are called tropical black mountain ash.
Interesting! The leaves of Koranig Murai are part of the famous Indian curry seasoning.
A miniature version of the paniculate species with tiny leaves and a lush crown. Slightly curved plant trunk does not extend above 50 cm.
It features a spectacular decorative shape and a fast flowering start. On sale you can find specimens with a growth of 5-10 cm and already formed fruits.
Despite the small care requirements, muraya is characterized by a wayward character in terms of development. Some trees grow slowly, form a neat crown and are initially highly decorative.
Others can quickly grow, stretch their branches to a meter high and categorically refuse to bloom. We will tell you about how to establish care at home.
Muraiya is thermophilic, but not picky, she has enough room temperature. In the summer - 24 ... 26 ° C, in the winter - 20 ... 23 ° C.
The vital minimum is not lower than 12 ° С. If possible, the plant is placed on a balcony or loggia. If a sharp cooling is predicted, it is better to remove the murayu from the "street".
Important! Protect exotics from drafts.
Preferably bright, but with slight shading on especially hot days when the sun is burning. The leaves of the plant calmly refer to direct sunlight, but with prolonged heat can get burned.
For home placement suitable windows located in the southwest or southeast. On the south window, the plant will need shading.
If you brought muraya to the balcony, place a flower near the wall so that in the midst of the day the sun does not burn its leaves. Experienced flower growers from childhood accustom the nursery to the bright sun.
The daylight hours of the plant should last 12-14 hours. Obviously, in the fall and winter you will have to use artificial devices, for example, a phytolamp.
Long flowering period requires regular watering. From spring to the end of summer, murayu is watered abundantly, but without stagnation of water and waterlogging of the soil.
The plant tolerates short-term drought calmly, but if it drags on, the leaves of the plant will dry out and the flower will die. He will not tolerate strong hydration of the root system.
Give the cat as much water as it can absorb. The surplus filling the pan must be drained.
Continuing to find out the secrets of growing muraya, let's talk about humidity. Amazing but the flower perceives air humidity, usual for apartments.
If it keeps at too low marks, then regular sprayings are shown to a plant. Water should be well-maintained and soft. A liquid with high rigidity will leave ugly stains on the leaves.
Attention! In summer, it is useful to wash the pet under a warm shower.
Soil and pot
The soil should have a low acidity, be loose and light in composition. In heavy soil, the plant is poorly developed and often just fades. Ideal store soil for citrus fruits.
Collecting the soil mixture for the young flower yourself, use turf and leafy soil, add deciduous humus and a fair amount of sand to them - all this will provide the soil with looseness.
Before filling the pot, the prepared soil must be calcined or disinfected with a potassium permanganate solution.
Choose the size of the pot for the future: when your pet begins to bloom, its roots should completely fill the volume of the pot. In free containers, the plant blooms poorly.
Flowering and fruiting
The most amazing thing in muraya that all the happy owners of this plant admire is simultaneous flowering and fruiting.
White flowers on its branches live for a short time - only three days, but during this time new flowers appear on other branches, and ovaries form in the place of the blossomed.
Where the ovary has formed earlier, the fruits of varying degrees of maturity are already clearly visible.
Self-pollinating flower does not need help to set fruithowever, with a lack of moisture and in extreme heat, pollen becomes unviable and the plant does not bear fruit.
If your muraya has blossomed, but has not borne fruit, pay attention to these two parameters. Correct the situation, and the pet will delight you with bright and tasty fruits.
A plant that simultaneously blooms and bears fruit, of course, need additional food, but you can’t overfeed it. Fertilizers are applied 2 times a month:
- In spring, murayu is fed with liquid Emerald, then fed with Rost.
- When the time comes for flowering, fertilizer "Flower happiness" is applied to the soil, measuring out half the dosage of the product.
Muraya calmly accepts pruning. When shaping the crown, remove only new shoots, and do not touch the skeletal part. In one cropping session remove several branches, no need to shred the tree radically.
Begin the procedure at the end of winter and periodically return to it throughout the spring.
Decide in advance what effect you want to achieve. If you need a bush with a lush crown, cut the apical shoots, stimulating the appearance of side branches.
Want to see a slender tree? Remove the lower branches. Perform all operations gradually, carefully examining the result.
Many Murayi owners feel sorry for pruning branches when they are strewn with fragrant flowers. In this case, do not expect a beautiful form from the pet.
The branches will stretch upwards, in all directions, and you will get the following picture: at the tops of the shoots are flowers, and closer to the central trunk are bare branches.
Given that muraya blooms almost constantly, you will only aggravate the situation without timely pruning.
A plant grown for medicinal purposes, remove old, tired shoots, yellowed leavesso that it retains healthy branches suitable for the preparation of medicinal compounds.
Murraya dwarf species are trimmed as desired. Some experienced flower growers form magnificent bonsai from them.
Young muraya must be transferred to a new pot every spring. The volume of the new pot should exceed the old one by only 2-3 cm: the capricious girl blooms only if the pot is too small for her.
It means that when muraya approaches flowering, its roots should already fill the entire space of the pot. Older plants are completely transplanted with a frequency of 1 time in 2-3 years.
The rest of the time just add the topsoil.
Step-by-step transplant process:
- Pour 3-5 cm of drainage into a new pot. Add 2-3 cm of soil.
- Transfer the flower to the container. We fill in the empty seats, but make sure that the root neck of the plant remains above the ground.
- Shake the pot lightly so that the soil is compacted, we fill it up if voids appear.
- We pour it with warm water and put it in a shaded place for several days so that the plant calmly survives stress.
Seeds and cuttings are two basic materials for the successful propagation of murraya.
To grow Murayu from seeds at home, need to get good seed.
The first option is to buy in a store, which does not guarantee their 100% germination and compliance with the selected variety.
The second option is to take seeds from your own plant or accept as a gift from the owner an actively fruiting murai.
Seeds are taken from berries that have ripened for 4 months on the branches of a plant. In the case of könig (it ripens faster), the fruits that hang on the branches for 2 months are suitable. They are removed before they mature and themselves come off the branch.
The taken berries carefully release from the pulp. The resulting seed is washed with warm water and lowered for 2-3 hours in a glass with Bordeaux liquid for disinfection. Then they wash it again and start landing.
Attention! When sorting seeds, consider the following: green seeds have the highest germination rate, beige seeds peck for a long time, and brown seeds do not germinate at all.
Selected instances need to germinate. For this them placed on wet foam, covered with a film and kept in a place where you can maintain an air temperature of 30 ° C.
Within 3–7 days, the seeds will hatch and produce roots. Select the best of them with strong roots and transfer to pre-prepared containers with a wet mixture of sand and peat.
Carefully, so as not to injure the roots, deepen each seedling into a substrate by 0.5 cm. Cover with a film and keep in the light at a temperature of 25 ... 30 ° С.
In 2-3 weeks, they will all gain strength and successfully germinate completely. Now, without removing the films, you can ventilate and spray them. Sprouts that give 2-3 true leaves are transferred into pots.
If for other plants propagation by cuttings is considered the easiest way, then muraya has certain difficulties in this process.
Continuous flowering prevents the owners from taking the necessary material from the pet - they simply do not want to part with such beauty.
As a donor for the cuttings, only young shoots that are not older than a year old are used, which have not yet begun to bloom.
After cutting the stalk with 2-3 leaves, they treat the cut with a growth stimulant and put it in a glass with settled water, or immediately plant it in a moist substrate of sand and peat. Sheathed with a film and kept at a temperature of 25 ... 30 ° C.
It takes 1.5–2 months to root.
Having understood that the stalk is rooted, start to air and spray it. After a week, you can remove the shelter and translate the shoot into a pot.
Lack of flowering
Why doesn’t Muraya blossom? There are several reasons. For example, if you have a Dutch plant variety, you should consider that it has the first flowering occurs in the 3-4th year of life.
Murraya will not bloom in a too close pot. Maybe you on time did not transplant the pet - do it now, and she will certainly please you with lush flowering.
Diseases and Pests
Delays with watering and dried soil lead to damage to the flower spider mite or scab. Pests attack in low humidity. Lack of light or waterlogging can provoke fungal diseases.
To combat harmful insects, use acaricide treatment of the plant (Actellik or Karbofos). Perform the procedure 2-3 times at intervals of one week.
A fungicide solution (Oxychom or Fundazole) will help get rid of fungal infections. And, of course, restore a favorable pet care regimen.
Properties of Murai Harm and Benefit
The benefits and harms of muraya are well studied in those countries where it grows in the wild. As mentioned, in India she part of curry. Amazing tea is made from flowers. Also her used for medicinal purposes.
If you have muraya in your house, you can prepare cosmetic masks and other skin and hair care products from its parts.
To feel the healing properties of a flower, just inhale its aroma.
The vibes that exude its buds help to cope with insomnia, improve the work of the respiratory system, relieve heart attacks, stimulate brain activity.
The Egyptians believed that decoctions of leaves and flowers of muraya are able to heal the whole body. They called the funds obtained from the plant, the elixir of life.
Fruits of muraya improve blood composition, enhance immunity, slow down the aging process of the skin. Tincture of fruits prevents heart attacks and normalizes pressure.
Decoctions of leaves used for toothache, stomatitis, tonsillitis. Flower oil, used to restore hair and injected into nourishing skin creams.
However, do not make the fruits of muraya the basis of the menu. 3-4 berries are enough to get a healing effect. It is forbidden to drink alcohol tincture to hypotensive patients - it lowers pressure.
Beautiful, fragrant, healthy, isn't muraya worthy to shine in your home flower garden? Be sure to get yourself this beauty.
Enjoy its delicate aroma, use healing properties, try delicious fruits and enjoy the decorative look of the plant.