Euphorbia bordered: the snow-white dance of the “rich bride”
Euphorbia edged is one of the most beautiful species of the famous Euphorbia family. He is loved by landscape designers and home growers for the beautiful coloring of leaves and unpretentiousness.
Imagine a fluffy snow globe in the midst of lush greenery of summer, and you will understand why milkweed have so many fans.
Euphorbia marginata - this is the name of the flower in Latin. Much they call it more beautiful and romantic among the people - “mountain snow” and “rich bride”.
The homeland of the plant is the subtropical mountain slopes of the United States. Bushes of fringed milkweed growing in the natural environment are considered annuals. At home, a flower can exist for several years.
Let's see how it looks in the photo. A lush bush with green leaves is rounded, and in some varieties and pointed, with a wide white border. Thanks to her, in fact, the flower got its name.
But “euphorbia” means that its milky juice contains poisonous euphorbin. The stems are tall, up to 85 cm, straight and strong.
It is interesting! The wide white edge on the upper leaves of frilled milk appears only at the time of flowering of the plant, the rest of the time they retain a green color.
How to care for a variety of "mountain snow"?
The view is convenient in maintenance, it does not impose special requirements for watering, does not need frequent top dressing.
For mountain milk rare watering mode preferred. In summer this is done once a week, in winter they wait until the soil in the pot is completely dry. Stagnation of moisture is detrimental to the roots of the plant: they can not cope with its excess and rot.
Humidity does not play a special role in plant life. Euphorbia growing in the house does not even notice the dryness of the air in winter. He does not need spraying either.
Lighting and temperature
When planting "mountain snow" on a flowerbed in spring, choose a well-lit place. In the shaded position, it will grow poorly and lose its decorative effect.
At home put a flower pot on the south window or provide additional illumination.
The average temperatures for summer are 23 ... 25 ° C. In the garden, mountain euphorbia feels great right up to the first autumn frosts.
Soil and top dressing
The plant is picky, capable of growing on stony soil and sandstone. If you want to get lush bushes, make sure that they have loose fertile land with low acidity.
A thin layer of perlite is used as drainage. The soil mixture is made up of equal parts of sand, turf and sheet land.
When growing in open field mountain milkweed bushes are fed with mullein solution (per 10 liters of water, 200 g of manure). Fertilize in the evening, adding solution under the bush.
We select the right pot for milkweed
Quite deep and wide containers are suitable for home content of fringed milk. The roots of the flower should have room for growth and respiration.
The material of the pot does not matter, the main thing is drainage layer and properly composed soil.
Milkweed stalks are pruned when they have bloomed. During the procedure, dried branches and root offspring are removed. Pruning helps the plant regenerate.
Do I need to pinch the "mountain snow"? Experienced plant lovers do not advise doing this. Lateral shoots growing after pinching do not add “rich bride” beauty. She is good at the harmony of her straight and tall stems.
Important! Protect hands and eyes when trimming milkweed so that its toxic juice does not harm you. Do not forget to sanitize the instruments that performed the procedure.
Diseases and Pests
Due to its toxicity, “mountain snow” rarely suffers from pest attacks. Mistakes in care can cause a negative reaction of the plant, lead to fungal diseases. To treat the flower, fungicides are treated..
When there are pests on the pet - a nematode, a spider mite, slugs - the bush is sprayed with insecticides.
Euphorbia blossoms bordered plainly, but thanks to the wide white border on the leaves of its inflorescence look gorgeous. The first buds appear in late spring and last until mid-June..
In mid-August, the plant blooms again and releases corollas until the first frosts.
White inflorescences are similar to umbrellas, consisting of 3–7 flowers, in shape resembling a small daisy with 5 petals.
Use in garden design
If you decide to use the plant in your garden design, choose places with good lighting for him. In the shade of the trees and the fence, the euphorbia begins to reach for the light and turns into disheveled bushes with a loose crown.
You can not plant it in lowlands and flooded places where moisture stagnates. Break flower beds on natural or artificially created heights.
It is desirable that the soil on the flower bed be fertile. Mountain snow can grow on sandy and rocky ground, but then do not expect high decorativeness from it..
The process of growing milkweed bordered from seeds
By nature, euphorbia bordered refers to annual plants. The best way to breed for him is growing from seeds. Planting and caring for the resulting plant sprouts do not take much timeif everything is done correctly at the preliminary stage.
When sowing in open ground
To get viable plant shoots, planting seeds in open ground should be planned, focusing on weather forecasts.
If they promise freezing and lowering the temperature, it is better to wait until these fluctuations stop. Timid shoots can die under such conditions.
As a rule, seeds are sown in mid-May. Long grooves are made in the area allotted for "mountain snow", keeping a distance of 25-30 cm between them. The depth of the grooves should be 1-2 cm.
The seeds are laid out in them, keeping a distance of 7-8 cm between them. When the first shoots appear, the planting is thinned so that between the new shoots is 30–35 cm.
Attention! If desired, you can sow seeds in the winter. Do this 3-4 weeks before the first frosts.
Seeding for seedlings
Experienced gardeners will immediately say when to plant seedlings of bordered milkweed on seedlings, and advise sow in late February or early March. The step-by-step process looks like this:
- A wide tank is filled with fertile soil. To prevent fungal diseases, the soil can be preliminarily calcined.
- Seeds are planted immediately, without soaking and treatment with growth stimulants.
- On the ground they are distributed at a small, 3-4 cm distance. Deepen 1-2 cm.
- Sprinkled on top of the earth, watered from a spray.
- Cover the landing with film or glass.
- They put it where it is possible to organize diffused light and a temperature of 22 ... 25 ° C.
- Regularly ventilate to remove condensation that provokes seeds to heat up.
The emergence of seedlings can be expected in 2-3 weeks after planting. How to dive? Wait until 1-2 strong leaves form on the sprouts, and transfer them into separate containers (cups, jars, small containers).
Choose sprouts from the ground with an earthen lump.
Attention! 2 weeks before the transfer to the open ground, seedlings begin to be tempered: they take out glasses with sprouts to a balcony or a veranda, and let them “breathe” fresh air.
"Mountain snow" in landscape design
Since in the summer season, when the flowering of the "rich bride" begins, she wears a white outfit, the bush is actively used to compose various compositions.
The flower is perfect for registration of borders. It serves as a great backdrop for vibrant perennials. In his flowerbed can be planted as a charming frame for roses, phlox, dahlia.
The neighborhood of milkweed with a white border on leaves with various types of cereals looks aesthetically pleasing. Fits a flower and for the design of the alpine slides.
Without any exotic appearance, the euphorbia fringed captivates with its natural simplicity. Snowdrifts of white snow in the summer garden look magical and bewitching.