Cissus: grape ivy and 11 species with photo
Beautiful leaf shape, rapid growth, unpretentiousness - all these qualities are inherent in the indoor cissus vine. The decorativeness of the plant is complemented by the form of its growth.
Long shoots with carved leaves are great for decorating the interior of any room.
In the Vinogradov family, the genus Cissus is represented by 350 species. Their habitat is vast.
Lush creepers can be found in the tropics and subtropics of South Africa and America, in Australia and other warm regions of the EarthHowever, only a small part of the species is suitable for keeping in home flower gardens.
We present you the types, photos and names that are suitable for breeding at home.
Antarctic (Kangaroo liana)
The view has long lived in window sills and balconies. It has large, up to 12 cm, dark green oval leaves with jagged edges. Prefers slight shading and high humidity.
The stalks and shoots of the Antarctic are covered with brown hairs. The length of the shoots can reach 2 meters.
Rhomboid (grape ivy)
Cissus rhomboid is named after the shape of the leaves, and it very much resembles a vine. Surprising with its rapid growth: in 1 year it can add up to 2 meters in length. The rhombic look is hardy and unpretentious.
Among the popular varieties of this species, we note Mandian cissus with larger leaves compared to other varieties. Especially decorative is the cissus Helen Danica. Flower growers are impressed by its diamond-shaped leaves with carved edges and bright colors.
Multi-color two-color discolor
At first glance, a photo of this species makes it clear why he is so loved.
Amazing foliage in the shape of an elongated heart, decorated with a spectacular silver pattern on top and shining with shades of red from below - this is the main decorative merit of the cissus variety is multi-colored.
Amazon also belongs to discoramors. It has purple branches, and the leaves are traced with white veins.
Attention! The variety is demanding on moisture.
The quadrangular, or cissus birch impresses with its size: the shoots are stretched to a length of 15 meters. The name is associated with the form of thickenings formed on the succulent stems of the creeper.
The leaves have antennae, with the help of which they are fixed on the supports. In adult plants, the stalk bark stiffens at the base. It blooms with small inflorescences of yellow, white or pale green hue.
A rare species that does not have foliage, and fleshy stems resemble some types of cacti. Whiskers whiskers are formed in internodes.
Tall, up to 2 meters, erect succulent. The leaves are oval, the tips are pointed, painted in olive tones, diluted in red, covered with a waxy coating.
A remarkable feature of the species is its bark, which in adult plants is stratified into “paper” ribbons.
Perennial shrub that looks like a succulent. The lower part of the stem takes on a bottle or spherical shape 40 cm high. The foliage is felt, bright green, serrated at the edges.
The decorativeness of the species lies in deeply cut leaves of a finger-shaped form and green caudex (thickening of the stem). At the top of the caudex, long and flexible vines with aerial roots form.
It is rare in stores. It has bluish foliage and a stiff stem. The leaves are rounded, leathery, with slightly serrated edges.
The beauty of the species lies in the shape and color of its leaves. The complex triple structure of the leaf plate is complemented by serrated edges and a thick edge of purple-pink hairs.
To attach to the supports, the plant produces long antennae. It grows well on all sides of the world.
Striatus (Cissus Striata, or Striped)
Curly perennial with sturdy stems of red color, stretching in length up to 10 meters. Striatal cissus is interesting with ovoid glossy leaves with three- or five-fingered cuts.
Home Care Details
Grape ivy is so picky that it feels comfortable in the house, in the office, and on the summer terrace.
is he easily gets used to moderate lighting and average temperature. Even a novice will master his home care.
Creeper blooms in the summer months. At room content, cissus rarely blooms.
Although the grape vine comes from a heat-loving area, it is enough for her to maintain a temperature regime in the region of 18 ... 25 ° C at home.
In winter, when the plant’s vegetation slows down, it quietly tolerates a drop in temperature to 18 ° C. However, this reduction must not be allowed to cross the border of 10 ° C. Such a cold cissus can not stand, having thrown off all the leaves.
The frequency of spraying depends on the indicators of humidity. In winter, when heating appliances are working, the flower is sprayed twice a day, in the summer - 1 time per day.
Succulent varieties do not require spraying.
Important! All types of cissus positively perceive regular leaf treatment with a damp cloth.
Varieties such as birch, ivy and vine require diffuse but bright lighting. In partial shade, they develop more slowly.
Cissus painted and succulent species prefer rich lightingbut without direct sunlight in summer. They should be located at the western and eastern windows.
When dealing with this vine, the main thing is to determine the middle ground. It means that the soil should be moderately moist, but without overflow. Excess moisture causes yellowing and falling of cissus leaves.
Birch and house grapes prefer sprinkling over ordinary watering. In winter, they look according to circumstances: if the air is too dry, the watering regimen does not change. With normal moisture indicators, the plant is watered less often.
To begin with, most plant species are ampelous. For them, hanging pots are selected. Upright succulents will need support for shoots and antennae.
When choosing a pot, they are guided by the volume of the root system of the flower. The shape of the container is standard, at which the height is equal to the diameter.
For very young specimens, a container with a diameter of 9 cm is suitable. When choosing a pot for adult cissus, they look so that an earthen lump with roots does not reach the walls of the pot by 1.5–2 cm.
The maximum diameter of the pot for adult flowers is 30 cm.
As for the material of the pot, give preference to ceramic types. In such a "house" the roots of cissus will breathe freely.
Cissus has no special soil requirements, it can grow in universal soilsold in a store. If you wish, you can make the soil yourself.
It includes 2 parts of leafy land, 1 part of turf, peat and garden soil, and half of the coarse sand.
Fertilizing and fertilizing
Actively developing, the liana needs complex fertilizers. They are introduced at a frequency of 1 time per week throughout the entire growing season. For the winter, feeding is stopped.
If you are unable to create conditions for the rest of cissus, feed him in the winter months 1 time in 2 weeks. The dosage should be reduced by half.
Preparing for a transplant, which is better planned at the beginning of spring, stock up on soil in advance. Young plants under a certain age transplant every spring. For adults, the frequency of transplants is reduced to 1 time in 2-3 years.
Landing is done in a store substrate or the mixture is prepared on their own. For grape ivy, the following composition is suitable: deciduous humus, peat, fine sand and turf land in equal proportions.
In the process of transplanting, a small layer of drainage is poured into the bottom of the pot, then a little earth. Insert a flower, add soil, filling the voids.
Pruning is necessary for the flower to properly develop and form a lush bush. Shoots that have lost part or all of the foliage are also removed.
Useful for pinching tops of shoots. Procedure stimulates plant growth, adds density to shoots.
The cissus does not have a full rest period, it continues to grow in the winter, though not as actively as in the summer. He also does not need special conditions for wintering, it is enough to slightly reduce the frequency of watering and monitor the air humidity.
All known methods are suitable for propagating a flower, i.e. seeds, and division of the bush, and cuttings, and layering.
Seeds of cissus are commercially available at any flower shop. Having chosen a container for planting, fill it with a mixture of sand and peat. Spread the seeds, slightly deepening them into the ground. Water the landing and cover it with foil.
Keep the container in a warm place and water regularly. Do not expect quick seed germination. The first sprouts can appear on 3-4 weeks. Let the sprouts grow stronger, and you can transfer them to stationary pots.
The most common and convenient method for many gardeners. Cuttings can be cut in spring or summer.
Twigs with young buds are suitable for reproduction. Cut off shoots are dipped in a jar of water or immediately deepened into a nutrient substrate.
In the first case, you just follow the appearance of the roots. As soon as they grow a little, the stalk can be transplanted into a pot.
In the second case, you will have to build a small greenhouse, that is, having strengthened the cuttings in the ground, cover them with a film. Further, as usual: water, air, wait for rooting. New leaflets on the escape will let you know about success.
Dividing the bush
This method can be resorted to during a cissus transplant. Adult specimens begin to grow and give rise to new processes.
Transplanting, they can be separated from the "mother". With a sharp knife, young sprouts are cut together with the roots and planted in separate pots. Adaptation is quick and you get a new vine.
The process of propagation by layering consists of several stages:
- Prepare a small pot, fill it with soil and put it next to the mother plant.
- Bend the shoot intended for propagation to the soil in a new pot. Secure so that it does not straighten.
- Sprinkle with earth so that the top of the layer is above the ground.
- Water regularly, keeping the soil moist.
- The first signs of rooting are visible 3-4 weeks after planting.
- Leave the plant in this state for 2 months, continuing to care for it as an adult specimen. Then separate it from the "donor".
Attention! If cissus has a lush crown, you can make several layers in different pots at once.
Official medicine does not attribute cissus to medicinal plants. However, this fact does not interfere with its use in homeopathy, in particular, the plant is actively mentioned in Ayurveda.
It is believed that the flower has high antibacterial and anti-inflammatory properties.
The quadrangular type of cissus is included in dietary supplements for athletes as a strong energy specialist. Helps in the treatment of joint diseases, is used for weight loss.
In the house, the flower works to purify and disinfect the air. However there are certain biases regarding the maintenance of ivy in the apartment.
Many ask whether it is possible to keep at home, because the signs are negative. They even say that the flower survives from the house of men. There is no definite answer, it's up to you to decide.
Big part of flower health problems triggered by poor care. So, from direct sunlight, pale spots appear on the leaves, they begin to dry. The leaves curl from dry air.
A long-term decrease in temperature leads to leaf fall. Excess or deficiency of moisture causes yellowing of the leaf blades and their death. The same effect occurs if cold water is used for irrigation.
Why do cissus leaf tips dry?
This reaction of the plant is most often seen in the winter, when air humidity decreases due to heating devices.
Excessive soil moisture leads to plant disease powdery mildew. The disease manifests white plaque on the leaves.
The risk of the disease increases if a young plant is exposed to waterlogging. To correct the situation, cut off already affected shoots and transfer the flower to new soil.
Overflow becomes a cause root rot. The plant begins to wither and gradually dries. Without tightening, you should transplant the flower into a new soil, after removing the rotten roots.
Be sure to balance the watering, and treat the plant with a fungicide.
If dark oval spots with a white border around the edges appear on the foliage, then the plant is infected fungal spotting. Sick leaves are removed and the flower is treated with a solution of Topsin.
Long cissus creepers look spectacular in the interior. They add warmth and natural charm. To maintain such beauty does not require much effort, the main thing is to fulfill all the conditions for care.