Orchid pot: 3 basic rules for choosing
A mysterious and beautiful orchid is a real decoration of a home flower garden. Pleasing with its unearthly beauty, it requires special conditions of detention.
The process of plant adaptation begins with choosing the right pot.
What are the criteria for choosing a pot for an orchid?
The successful development of orchids depends on the quality of the pots. When choosing it, several important parameters are taken into account: shape, size, material and functional properties. Besides, the container must ensure safety and constant aeration of the roots.
Outflow of moisture
For water to pass through the soil and to properly remove excess in the pot, it is necessary not only in the bottom, but also along the walls at a distance of about 1 cm from the bottom. With proper outflow of water, the risk of root rot in the vine is reduced.
The roots of a tropical beauty are surrounded by a specific spongy dead formation filled with air. If there is no air circulation in the root zone, this tissue rots and dies. The roots remain unprotected, and the liana perishes.
Root aeration is provided by their correct arrangement: on the finger from the walls of the pot. So the air will circulate freely, and the drying of the soil will be timely.
Advice! A fan, but not very large, artificially improves air circulation.
Root system security
A close house for an orchid is a negative factor. The risk that the roots will be damaged during transplantation increases. Inexperienced lovers think that if the roots come out of the pot, this is a sign: it's time to transplant the vine. They forget that they have an epiphyte, and the air root system is normal for him.
To remove roots without injuring them, the diameter of the pot should exceed the volume of the roots by only 3-4 cm.
What can be made containers for orchid?
In which containers you will not see a tropical beauty! .. People put her in clay, plastic, glass, flower pots, but how to choose the best option? Consider which pot is needed for the phalaenopsis orchid.
Made of plastic
Plastic containers are the most inexpensive and therefore the most common. They are easy to drill for the manufacture of drainage holes, flowerpots are convenient to use. Plastic is resistant to temperature extremes, ultraviolet radiation. If the roots of the orchid begin to come out of the drainage holes, the plastic walls can be easily cut and the flower released for transplantation.
The only minus of such a capacity is in its unstable position: due to its light weight, it may roll over from a slight push.
Ceramic containers create a lot of problems when growing orchid in them. The main nuisance comes from the porous structure of the material. The roots of the plant cling to irregularities, grow to the walls of the vessel, and, as a result, it is difficult to extract the orchid during transplantation. Wounds on the root system can trigger the death of a flower.
Experienced gardeners who have been working with orchids for a long time can successfully keep them in such containers, but this requires careful monitoring of the state of the vine.
Advice! Before planting an orchid in a clay pot, it is recommended to calcine it in the oven.
Of course, in a glass container the flower looks exquisite, the glass blends perfectly with the beauty of this exotics. However, there are also disadvantages. It is difficult to make drainage holes in the glass, so relevant for successful flower growth. So, you have to take care of a reliable drainage system. In addition, glass collects condensation, increasing humidity, and provokes the growth of green algae on the roots. Another difficulty is the selection of the optimal shape and size of the glass container.
Baskets of twigs and twigs
Baskets woven from branches and twigs attract with their decorative features. In them, the tropical beauty looks especially impressive. The best pot in this style is woven, as a rule, from natural material (bamboo shoots, tree branches). There are baskets made of plastic and metal.
When using such a tank, its inner surface should be checked. It should be smooth so as not to provoke root growth. The basket itself is filled with soil, after covering the holes in its walls with moss, so that the soil does not fall out through them.
To prevent the rapid evaporation of moisture on the soil surface lay a layer of sphagnum. Very often baskets are used as hanging planters. Varieties of orchids such as Stangopeia, Coriantes and Dracula are suitable for growing in such containers.
The use of hanging planters is determined by two reasons:
- high decorativeness;
- accidental damage protection.
In a house with children or pets, a pendant structure will save the orchid from destruction.
Having chosen a planter suitable for the interior, they insert a container with an orchid into it so that a finger passes freely between it and the wall of the pot. They have a design near the east or west window, so that the plant has enough light.
Transparent pots, no matter what material they are made of, improve the visual perception of the flower. Professionals consider them a classic addition to the unearthly beauty of orchids.
Besides the visual appeal, light passes through transparent walls unhindered, which improves photosynthesis of the root system of the plant.
Today, the crown pot, created especially for all types of orchids, has reached the peak of popularity. Made in the form of a pallet, in the edges of which rods of glass or plastic are inserted, it transmits light, and looks original, and is stable, and weighs a little.
DIY Orchid Pot
If you have skillful pens, you can try to make a flowerpot for your beauty yourself. You can use plastic bottles or containers for it. It is easy to make drainage and breathable holes in them. The main thing is that the diameter of the container is correctly selected.
The pot can be braided from wire or flexible branches, glued from wooden blocks or slats. A wide scope for imagination opens when finishing a finished pot. Jute rope, pieces of colored glass, children's mosaics and much more can be used as the original decoration of the pot.
How to determine the size of the pot?
Determining the size of the pot for an orchid is very simple: the diameter of the container should be related to the height of the flower. If the size of the house significantly exceeds the growth of the plant, the soil will dry out unevenly, and the roots will begin to rot. A small pot will not withstand the weight of the flower itself and will surely roll over. The ideal option is light crowding, when the orchid does not feel discomfort and willingly grows.
Experts have developed rules for choosing the size of the planting capacity specifically for orchids:
- The height and width of the pot are equal in size.
- Equal should be the volume of the pot and root system.
- The transplant is carried out in a capacity slightly larger than the previous “house”.
Attention! A mistake when choosing negatively affects the flowering of orchids: corollas in a small pot turn out to be small.
Following these rules, pick up pots for different varieties of flower.
For mini orchids, some cramped pot is preferred. It is desirable that it be transparent. For these orchid species, moisture parameters are extremely important, and in a transparent container it is easier to monitor its level and root condition.
When the flower propagates by children, they are planted in very small containers such as plastic cups. Cotton swab containers are great. Experienced flower growers grow children in pieces of foam.
Important! If you take a large pot for a child, the roots of a small plant will rot in it.
Facilitated care through additional options
For many years of cultivating orchids at home, many devices have been invented that greatly facilitate the care and maintenance of a tropical beauty.
Flower shops sell pots equipped with automatic irrigation. Many flower growers make such a device on their own from plastic containers. The option of automatic watering allows you to accurately calculate the amount of moisture. In addition, it is relevant during periods when the owner needs to leave home for a while.
Another useful option that allows you to set the optimal lighting mode is a phytolamp. The blue light providing photosynthesis in the leaves of the flower is turned on during the day. For night use lamps with red light. The main thing is that the lamp does not radiate heat.
What categorically does not fit?
Novice orchid lovers connoisseurs do not recommend purchasing glass and ceramic pots. First, it is difficult to provide aeration of the roots. The second have uneven internal surfaces to which the roots of the flower can grow, and when transplanted, they can be injured.
Categorically, you should not plant an orchid in a pot with a cone-shaped top.