Thinning - succulent with medicinal properties
Unusual succulent attracts glances. Youngsters have many names - “stone rose”, “stonebreaker”, “hare cabbage”. All because of the unusual appearance.
Neat rosettes of fleshy leaves can decorate any version of landscape design. At first glance, it may seem that the plant is demanding in care, but its cultivation is no more difficult than growing other garden flowers.
The abundance of varieties allows you to choose the one that fits into the design of the garden.
Beliefs and legends
The inhabitants of Scandinavia were firmly convinced that the evergreen, not afraid of frost, belonged to the lightning god Thor.
He was planted on the roofs of houses to protect them from the effects of a thunderstorm. This tradition gave the name to one of the varieties of succulents - roofing was young.
The ancient Egyptians also worshiped an unusual flower. The high priests believed that the young came from the seed of the god Amun. The plant was credited with the ability to improve male power, as the flowers resembled a genital organ.
In England it was believed that if the youngsters blossomed in a house where there are unmarried girls, then one of them will soon marry.
Interesting! Noble ladies rubbed the juice of the flower into the skin of the face to give a natural blush.
Types and varieties of young for garden, home
Succulent belongs to the family Crassulaceae. All varieties have common features - thick, fleshy leaves with pointed ends, rosette shape, dense skin. The "stone rose" was young - this is how the plant was christened for its resemblance to a noble flower. Varieties and species, photos with the name are presented below.
Sempervivum tectorum roofing waste
The variety is considered the most common. Young growth differs in a saturated green shade of foliage, the size of the outlet varies from 5 to 20 cm, depending on age. The ends of the leaves have a reddish tint, the edges are covered with hairs.
Perennial evergreen young flower blooms at two or three years of age. The peduncle is formed from the central part of the outlet, which extends upward. The inflorescence consists of small flowers of white or yellowish color.
Young offspring of Sempervivum Soboliferum
The representative of the family Crassulaceae is modest in size - the diameter of the rosette is only 4-8 cm. The upper part of the leaves has a light green hue, the bottom is reddish.
The peduncle grows up to 10 cm in height, the flowers are greenish-yellow. In the natural habitat, "stone rose" can be found in the forests of the European part of Russia, Western Europe.
Interesting! A feature of juvenile is the formation of a large number of daughter processes.
Limestone Sempervivum Calcareum
"Hare cabbage" has dense, smooth leaves of a saturated green shade. The ends of the foliage are painted burgundy.
The diameter of the outlet is 8-10 cm. For an unusual color combination, it is considered one of the most decorative varieties.
Young cobweb Sempervivum Arahnoideum
A distinctive feature of the flower is the abundance of soft antennae on the edges of the leaves. Enveloping the plant, they resemble a patina, for which the young has received its name. Sockets are small, 5-6 cm.
The rarest, most attractive variety for gardeners. Its feature is dark brown leaves, the ends are painted green. The product of prolonged breeding, amenable to reproduction.
Sempervivum large-flowered Sempervivum Grandiflorum
The plant was named due to the large yellow color. In the period before flowering, juvenile does not differ from its relatives. After the formation of the peduncle, the plant immediately becomes an object of increased attention in the garden.
The socket is small - 2.5-4 cm, loose. Peduncle high - 20 cm. Leaves are soft, grassy.
Young Python Pitton SempervivumPittonii
The species has a shallow, oblong foliage of green hue with red edges. Thanks to a tight small outlet with a diameter of 5 cm and an abundance of small leaves, the plant looks extremely decorative.
The peduncle reaches a height of 15 cm, the flowers are small, light yellow in color.
Young Russian SempervivumRuthenicum
The plant has a loose rosette of large size, a diameter of 20–25 cm. The leaves are wedge-shaped, covered with a small fluff, green in color. The species can be found in nature in deciduous forests.
Sempervivum globulose young Globiferum
The natural habitat of spherical (spherical) youngsters is the mountain slopes of the Caucasus. The plant has rosettes with a size of 3 cm, peduncles reach a height of 15 cm. The leaves are saturated green in color with red spear-shaped ends.
Important! The natural environment of the young spherical-bearing arid and sunny. When grown in the shade, excess moisture, the plant may die.
Sempervivum marble marmoreum
The variety was bred artificially, this explains the increased decorative appearance. The leaves of the flower are reddish-green, covered with a small fluff.
Rosettes grow 10 cm in diameter, peduncles stretch to 20 cm. The flowers of the plant are small, reddish in color, bordered by white.
Young growth of small (dwarf) SempervivumPumilum
The "stone rose" of dwarf growth has a modest size - an adult plant reaches 3 cm in diameter. The leaves are green, distinguished by thin hairs at the ends. Peduncle long - 25 cm, flowers of a purple-pink hue, small size.
Young Caucasian SempervivumCaucasicum
The main feature of the Caucasian variety of youngsters is the height of the outlet. Most species are squat, while the height of this plant can reach 20 cm with a rosette diameter of 5 cm. The hue of the foliage is green, the corollas are beautiful, purple-violet.
Juvenile Wulfen Sempervivum Wulfenii
A variety of "stone roses" with large glossy green leaves. The highlight of the variety is the flowers: large, with a delicate lemon color and a purple spot around the core.
Important! All varieties of plants are suitable for cultivation in garden and home conditions.
Almost all varieties of "stone flower" can be used for medical purposes. The following plant properties are known:
- wound healing;
With external use, funds based on fry have no contraindications, except for individual intolerance.
Medicines are used in such cases:
- peptic ulcer of the stomach, duodenum;
- menstrual cramps;
- skin diseases - dermatitis, eczema, acne;
- ulcerative inflammation in the oral cavity;
- diseases of the cardiovascular system.
Important! Before oral administration of drugs based on plant juice, it is recommended to consult a physician.
Ointments, medicinal decoctions are made from "stonebreakers", juice is used in its pure form. Ointments are made from crushed leaves, all parts of the plant, including peduncles, are used for decoctions.
Juice "rabbit cabbage" is used for irrigation of the oral cavity in diluted form.
Pure freshly squeezed juice is used to remove age spots, acne, freckles. The broth is used to rinse the mouth, throat, excretion of helminths, reduces inflammation of the hemorrhoids.
The succulent family of Crassulaceae is unpretentious, at home you can grow all the existing varieties.
You can plant a “stone chopper” for growing in a pot at any time of the year. For growth in the garden, you should choose a spring-summer period. The plant prefers neutral-acidic soils, well takes root on rocky soils.
The intensity of soil moisture in the spring-autumn period is 1 time in 10 days. In winter, street plants are not required to be watered. In room conditions, youngsters need moisturizing 1 time in 15-17 days.
Pouring water inside the outlet is strictly prohibited - this can lead to decay of the plant. You need to moisten the soil under the root with a small amount of water at room temperature.
Planting and care in the open ground for plants is impossible without the introduction of complex fertilizers. You can use liquid top dressing for succulents.
They should be diluted in water before watering according to the instructions. Organic fertilizers are useful - manure, bird droppings, diluted in water.
In winter, plants begin to calm. During this period, it is important to reduce watering, remove fertilizing. Transplanting is allowed only for potted plants.
How to care for juveniles:
An increase in the population of “stonebreakers” in the plot is possible in 3 ways - by seeds, cuttings, and children. Growing from seeds is the most painstaking and therefore unpopular type of reproduction.
In the natural environment in the garden, the plant reproduces itself perfectly without the help of a gardener. The mother’s outlet forms a baby, which then takes root near her, forming a beautiful “carpet” of young plants.
Propagation by cuttings occurs as follows: a leaf is separated from the mother bush, then the stem is dried, planted in the soil. Throughout the year, the seedling is formed into a full-fledged plant.
The most dangerous disease for the “stone rose” is root rot. The disease affects the plant with a constant excess of moisture. The flower becomes soft, the rosette becomes lethargic. It is important to timely reduce the intensity of watering in order to save the young.
The plant serves as food for some birds, larvae, and beetles. To protect youngsters from pests, prophylactic treatment with fungicides is recommended. If damaged by birds, you can just drop it with soil.
Combination with other plants
Succulent prefers a large amount of sunlight, so it is recommended to plant "rabbit cabbage" away from tall flowers. “Kamenolomka” goes well with stunted mosses, stonecrops, thyme, groundcover plants.
A “stone rose” is used to create alpine hills, as a living border around a flower bed, sometimes to decorate graves.
The rocky garden can be decorated with flowers located in barrels, near an artificial reservoir. From succulents, wonderful decorative compositions are obtained, for example, a trickle from a pot.
Common mistakes when caring for succulents: