Bouvardia - a guest from the American subtropics and secrets of leaving
Bush bouvardia - an evergreen plant, quite unpretentious in care. Due to its attractive appearance, the plant is popular among gardeners.
The native land of the plant is the Mexican tropics and Central America. Through the efforts of breeders, a large number of varieties for every taste have appeared.
Description of Bouvardia
The plant belongs to the Marenov family, including shrubs, shrubs, grasses. Bouvardia is distinguished by such characteristics:
- short stature from 50 to 150 cm;
- weakly branched stem;
- the location of internodes at an impressive distance;
- rounded, ovate leaves 5–11 cm long;
- dark green color.
Thanks to the zeal of breeders, the bouvardia boasts a large number of shades from white to red, impressive even in the photo.
They differ in tubular shape, consist of four fused petals with curved outward edges. Flowering lasts from August to December.
The main types
Among the flowers in the natural habitat and hatched artificially, there are about 30 varieties. They differ in the size of the corollas, their shade, the density of foliage.
Especially popular are just a few types of bouvardia.
Bouvardia is yellow. Buvardia flava
Tall variety - found up to 150 cm. The yellow bouvardia has lanceolate dark green leaves, pointed at the ends. The flowers are bright yellow, connected in dense inflorescences, fragrant.
Bouvardia is long-flowered. Bouvardia longiflora
The flower has an average height of 90 cm. The main difference between the species is long peduncles and stems. Inflorescences with white flowers are located in the grooves of the upper leaves. A variety used in floristry to make bouquets.
Bouvardia is jasmine-flowered. Bouvardia jasminiflora
A dwarf species of bouvardia, its growth is 50–70 cm. In the autumn-winter period, the plant is densely covered with flowers, whose smell is close to the aroma of jasmine.
White jasmine-flowered bouvardia is characterized by dense flowering, large flowers in the form of four-petalled bells.
Bouvardia home. Bouvardia domestica
A variety of plants has loose foliage, small dimensions. The flowers are colored pink, the middle of the inflorescences are highlighted in purple, they are spherical.
The pink bouvardia has ovoid leaves with jagged edges.
Optimal conditions for growing
Cultivation of plants is successful both in garden and at home. The flower is unpretentious, growing is available for beginners in gardening. The main care consists in proper lighting, soil selection, optimal pot size, system watering.
The birthplace of the Bouvardia is Central America, Mexico with a warm climate. Home care is not possible without providing sufficient lighting for 8-10 hours.
It is recommended to put pots with plants on the southern, eastern windows for long-term natural lighting. In winter, it is necessary to provide artificial light.
Advice! In the summer it is recommended to take out pots with bouvardia on the street, balcony. It stimulates active and lush flowering.
During the formation of inflorescences, it is important to create conditions close to natural. The air temperature during the day should be 22 ... 24 ˚С, at night - drop by several degrees.
Such conditions can be created by taking pots with plants to the balcony. In winter, the plant requires rest. It is important that the air temperature in this period does not rise above +10 ˚С.
How to care at home
Bouvardia is a tropical flower, for the abundant flowering of which you need to create certain conditions. Despite the unpretentiousness, some simple rules should be followed.
In spring, the active period of bouvardia growth begins, when the plant needs frequent watering. Moisturize the soil 1 time in 4-5 days, in hot weather, increase the frequency. In winter, the flower needs watering no more than 1 time per week.
Advice! So that the roots do not decay, you should take care of the drainage layer and the holes on the bottom of the pot.
With insufficient air humidity, the leaves become lethargic and lifeless. In the heating season, the plant requires periodic spraying with water from a spray bottle. Moistening the leaves also removes accumulated dust.
You can maintain constant humidity with household humidifiers or a wet towel on a heating radiator.
In summer, the frequency of spraying is 1 time in 5 days. The procedure is performed in the evening: moistening the leaves during the day can lead to sunburn.
Soil and fertilizing
The plant prefers loose nutrient soils with a high peat content. You can purchase a finished substrate or prepare it yourself. The soil consists of the following components:
- soddy soil;
- sheet earth;
- river sand or perlite fine fraction.
The components must be mixed in a ratio of 2: 4: 1: 1. For feeding, universal liquid fertilizers for indoor flowers are used. They contain the optimal amount of nutrients needed by the flower during the growth period.
Advice! Fertilizing is recommended between March and November with a frequency of 1 time in 10 days.
Shorter shoots rejuvenate shrubs. Pruning is performed by a garden pruner; it is permissible to cut a quarter of the length of the stems.
Traditionally, pruning is done after flowering, but some gardeners advise rejuvenating the bouvard in early spring.
It is recommended to transplant the plant into a new pot after it reaches one year of age by transplanting an earthen coma. Bouvard must be carefully removed from the old tank and, without removing soil from the roots, placed in a new one. The pot for transplantation should not be too large, the optimal value is 1-2 cm more voluminous, weeks previous. After transplantation, abundant flowering is noted.
Over time, the number of inflorescences may decrease. This is a natural process as the bouvardia ages. You can rejuvenate the plant by reproduction of the mother bush. This will ensure quality flowering.
Bouvardia tolerates reproduction in all existing ways. To obtain new plants, it is recommended to choose the method that is most suitable and convenient for the owner.
Propagation by apical cuttings
The work ahead is simple:
- From the mother bush, you need to cut off several tops with leaves using a sharp garden knife.
- Put the cuttings in water until the roots appear. This usually takes 1-2 weeks.
- Shoots are planted in nutrient soil.
The method is good in that It can be combined with annual pruning.
Reproduction by dividing the bush
To separate the mother bush, you need to carefully remove it from the pot and cut the root system in half. The survival rate of the plant will increase if you abundantly sprinkle the place of cut with the root “Kornevin”.
After the procedure, the bouvardia is planted in a new pot.
Important! This method does not rejuvenate the plant, so the abundance of flowering will begin to fade over time.
Breeding seed bouvardia is a fairly lengthy process. Sowing material is purchased in a garden store, as the plant does not form seed boxes during home cultivation. They need sow in moist, loose soil and cover with a film to create greenhouse conditions.
It is important to monitor the level of humidity, to prevent drying of the soil. The temperature for emergence of seedlings should be at least 20 ˚С.
After emergence, the plastic film is removed. Plants can be transplanted into pots only after the appearance of several true leaves.
Propagation by root offspring
These are buds separated from the mother plant. They are shoots grown near the mother bush. To reproduce, root offspring must be carefully separated from the adult bouvardia and planted in small containers.
Pest and Disease Control
Due to improper care or infection from other plants, various insect pests and diseases can affect the bouvard. Options for action:
- Brown rotdue to excess soil moisture. Symptoms are soft leaves, brown spots on the stems. You can save the plant by transplanting into new soil, an optimal irrigation system.
- Spider mite, aphid. Insects are visible with the naked eye. They feed on the juice of the plant, taking its vitality. Symptoms - white, green bugs on leaves and stems, plaque. To destroy parasites, the drug Fitoverm is used.
- Leaf chlorosis due to the poor quality of water for irrigation, spraying. Symptoms - yellowing, a pronounced vascular network on the leaves. To combat use a single or double top dressing with iron-containing preparations, control over water quality.
Advice! Along with attempts to reanimate the bouvardia, it is recommended to cut off 1-2 shoots for rooting in case of the death of the mother flower.
Diseases and pests can be treated in the initial stages of plant damage. In a neglected state, the flower will inevitably die.