Unpretentious Chlorophytum Orange: Care Secrets
More than 200 years ago, a herbaceous plant arrived in Europe from South America. Europeans liked it and firmly settled on the windowsills.
Among the numerous descendants, units retain the southern sunny color. For example, green orange - chlorophytum orange, a home flower with lush greens and bright tangerine petioles.
General description and photo
The birthplace of the flower is subtropical forests. These are the most wonderful conditions for living; it is warm and humid here. But, on the other hand, there are many plants, they are cramped. Each seeks to move a neighbor, take a place in the sun. Florists note the extraordinary vitality of pets. They resistant to drought, coolness, vandal actions of hooligans. Therefore, the flower is often found in kindergartens, schools, public places.
Chlorophytum orange is not only a decoration, it heals the surrounding space:
- The plant cleans gas polluted air from harmful fumes, smoke.
- Saturates with oxygen.
- Increases humidity.
- Eliminates negative energy.
These statements are not unfounded: scientists conducted research - measurements on air purification. The flower exceeded the use of filters in its results. Chlorophytum may well compete with microclimate generators. It neutralizes the effect of the gas stove up to 80%.
Important! Chlorophytum has an amazing property: an adult plant removes pathogenic microflora around itself on an area of 2 m2. Genetic memory makes the flower use every opportunity for growth. Everything is involved, even harmful substances and germs.
Getting rid of negative energy has not been confirmed by scientists, but Feng Shui followers have noted the emergence of a positive aura. A workaholic man, obsessed with his work, when a flower appears will take care of the house, comfort, and will spend more time with friends.
Scientific classification and appearance
The classification of a perennial plant is as follows:
- the kingdom is plants;
- department - flowering;
- department - monocotyledonous;
- genus - chlorophytum.
As for the rank “order”, there is no consensus; it is referred to as asparagus or lilac. The flower is often found under different names: winged orange chlorophytum, marmalade, orchid star, green orange.
Externally, the flower looks like a bunch of long leaves. The height of the plant can reach 25–40 cm. The root is strong with tuberous processes in which the plant body accumulates a resource on a rainy day.
The leaves are wide, emerald in color, tapering to the tip and base. A thin edging of light shade along the edges. Petiole of leaves is orange. The middle of the leaf changes color from orange at the base to green to the tip.
Since the plant has a large margin of safety, home care is quite simple. However, basic knowledge is necessary, because no flower can bear complete neglect.
Chlorophytum orange loves warm and hot weather. The lower temperature limit for the plant is +11 ° C. Therefore, the flower can live for several months on the balcony or porch. In colder weather, the plant will hurt or freeze. The main thing is to avoid prolonged hypothermia.
The optimal parameters for the plant are as follows:
|Season||Temperature ° C|
|Spring / Autumn||23|
Despite the fact that the flower is tropical, the lighting he loves is diffuse. In his historical homeland, he used to grow in the shade of trees, so he prefers to stay in the sun for no more than 2-3 hours. Northern orientation does not attract the plant either. Without the sun, it cannot boast of a “blooming” look, the colors fade, the leaves lose their tone.
For reference! The best sides are south-north-east and south-north-west. Many flower growers on the southern windows try to make diffused light from translucent curtains: tulle, organza. A sliding shadow can be obtained through the blinds by lowering the trims at an angle of 45 °.
Chlorophytum green orange does not need pruning. This also affects his unpretentiousness. It is advisable to remove dry leaves, dried tips that violate the aesthetic appearance of the plant.
The following must be considered:
- Briefly cut the dry tip, the sheet will dry faster.
- If the dried leaf is removed early, then the drying process begins as follows.
- Trim obliquely with a sharp knife at the base.
Updating is a natural process, so do not rush. The leaf is removed when it changes color, and the stalk becomes brown.
Chlorophytum orange loves moist soil, but overflowing badly affects the roots and the flower as a whole. Watering should be either frequent, but moderate, or plentiful, but less often. In summer, overflow is not threatened, the plant quickly absorbs moisture, and part of the water evaporates.
In winter, the surface of the earth is dry, it is often watered, and the flower reacts like an overflow. It turns out that in winter the air becomes dry, plus heating is turned on, and this leads to surface drying of the earth, to the formation of a dry crust, and inside the soil remains moist. If a whitish smell appears, and Chlorophytum orange begins to wither, urgent measures must be taken: shake the flower out of the pot, change the ground.
Do not forget that the plant is from the humid tropics and loves spraying leaves. It will feel fine even without it, but it will be especially grateful for the procedure. In summer, you can even please the flower with a warm shower.
Tip: Do not neglect wet leaf cleaning. The absence of dust, dirt allows the plant to effectively clean the air of germs, harmful impurities, saturate it with oxygen.
The winged orange responds to the nutrition of chlorophytum with rich juicy greens. The basic rules for fertilizing a flower:
- Liquid mineral or organic top dressing is used.
- Water the flower with fertilizers should be 1 time in 2 weeks (twice a month).
- The period of enriched irrigation is spring, summer.
- It is better to purchase several compounds and alternate them.
You can use folk remedies: dilute coal, chalk, starch with water and water the plant with this compound.
A flower that is able to collect harmful substances undoubtedly has excellent health. But when immunity drops, the plant becomes very vulnerable to pests. What can affect the well-being of chlorophytum?
|External signs||Cause||Disease and treatment|
|Wither for no apparent reason, become stained, leaves turn black.||Dense soil and plentiful watering.||Root rot. If during the inspection the root system is of a usual white color, then you can simply replace the soil. If the roots are darkened, the flower can no longer be saved.|
|The tips of the leaves are dry.||Very dry indoor air.||Lack of moisture. Airing without drafts, spraying are necessary.|
|Hard water for irrigation; salt compounds accumulate in the soil.||Excess salt in the soil. It is necessary to change the soil, filter and defend water for irrigation. The bait should not contain sodium.|
|Leaves began to turn yellow.||The roots are cramped in a pot.||Lack of space. A transplant into a larger pot is required.|
|The color of the flower turns pale.||The plant is far from sunlight.||Lack of lighting. You can put on the windowsill, not forgetting about the diffused light, use phytolamps or sources of daylight.|
|The leaves have become soft, lie on the ground.||Air temperature +10 ° C and below, the flower freezes.||Lack of heat. Urgently placed in a warm, lighted room, pour solution with fertilizers. A high probability that the flower will recover.|
Now we will get acquainted with the enemies of orange chlorophytum, who are ready to attack the plant, as soon as it weakens a little.
|Aphid||Green insects, size 0.5 mm. They pierce the leaves, drink the juice. After this, the young shoots curl up and die. Pests multiply rapidly. They can destroy the flower completely.|
|Shield||Yellow-brown growths measuring 5 mm on the surface of the leaves. This immovable female scale insects settled in one place, pulling juice from a flower. Insects secrete mucus resembling a white coating. A sooty fungus can settle on it.|
|Mealybug (shaggy louse).||Insects 3–6, sometimes 12 mm in size. They prefer young shoots, on which a white coating forms.|
|Spider mite||Externally, ticks have a different color: from green to brown. Sizes 0.3-0.6 mm. Brown spots form at the bite site. The appearance of the web indicates a large number of insects and severe infection.|
The treatment of plants for pests is as follows:
- prepare a soap solution with laundry soap. You can carefully treat the leaves with cotton pads or carry out a full flower wash. In the second case, the earth is covered with a film;
- treatment with alcohol, turpentine, gruel from garlic, onions, pepper;
- if the infection is severe, insecticides should be used;
- treat the plant at least 1 time per week. The result will be achieved faster if various methods of combating diseases and pests are applied.
Advice! During treatment and after the final victory, you need to wash the area around the plant: a window, window sill, curtains, otherwise the pests can return after some time.
Transplantation is required for Chlorophytum Orange as it grows. The best time for the procedure is spring. An adult plant is usually transplanted once every 4-6 years. The new container should be 5 cm larger in diameter. As a rule, a pot is chosen wide, not deep.
Earth must be nutritious, moderately heavy, with a neutral reaction. The approximate composition is as follows:
- humus - 2 parts;
- leaf or garden land - 2 parts;
- coarse sand - 1 part.
Before planting, it is imperative to pour a drainage layer: small expanded clay, broken brick, the remains of small gravel. He will save the flower from overflow.
Be sure to transplant the plant after shopping. Gardeners often call the land from the mall "dead." Its purpose is support and transportation. After a while, the plant in this soil dies.
Chlorophytum orange differs from its counterparts in the absence of a mustache, at the end of which a daughter process is formed. A flower propagates in 2 ways:
- Seed material.
- By dividing the bush.
Over time, an adult plant grows due to the appearance of lateral processes. They need to be carefully separated. A few hours before the procedure, the earth is moistened. Then Chlorophytum is gently pulled out of the pot. Before dividing, it is necessary to expand the processes, outline the necessary volume of roots. Next, cut with a garden knife.
The new outlet must have at least 4–5 leaflets. The resulting bush can immediately be planted in a new place. If the roots are not enough, then you can hold the process in a container of water until the roots are formed.
Adult Chlorophytum orange blooms with white small flowers that are formed on special processes - peduncles. The flowering period is replaced by the ripening time of the seeds. Then the peduncle becomes like a spikelet. If you do not have enough experience to work with seeds, then you can let it go by its own.
Ripened seeds fall in the ground next to the mother plant, independently take root and grow. Then they can be safely transplanted into an individual pot.
Experienced gardeners are preparing a small greenhouse by February - March: a box of land (peat with sand). Seeds are pre-soaked in water for 8-24 hours. Before planting, the soil is moistened with a spray gun. Embryos are distributed over the entire area at intervals, one at a time, slightly pressed deep into. The box is covered with a film or glass on top.
Important! The mini-farm is put in a warm place with a temperature of at least 21 ° C for 30-40 days. Daily checks, airing, spraying are necessary. Seedlings need to be gradually accustomed to ordinary air. When 2-3 leaves appear, the flower can be transplanted.
A rich harvest can fill with pride from their own skills and hard work. New plants will add beauty and health. And a flower is always a nice gift!