The Corinocarpus (Corynocarpus) is an evergreen shrub or tree and is the only genus belonging to the Corinocarpus family. The genus consists of 48 species, distributed on some islands of the Pacific Ocean, in particular in New Guinea, Polynesia and New Zealand.
In the natural habitat, cinnamon carps are evergreen shrubs with upright or sprawling shoots from 3 to 10 m tall or trees with a crown with a diameter of up to 5 m and a height of up to 50.
The Corinocarpus is called the New Zealand Lavra, and indeed from afar the plants are easily confused. The leaves are oval, similar to the leaves of a rubbery ficus, with a clear vein, leathery. They do not fade for several weeks after being ripped off.
Flowering is not remarkable - small, half-centimeter cream-colored flowers are collected in panicles, after flowering they form red berries with delicious edible flesh and poisonous seeds.
Indoor plants usually grow Corinokarpus Smooth, which grows to 1.0-2.0 meters and requires support. The most popular varieties with variegated leaf color:
- Variegata - leaves with an uneven yellow stripe;
- Albovariegatus - a strip of white;
- Algarve Sun - with variegated yellow-green leaves.
The corinocarpus is more likely a greenhouse than an indoor plant, but at home its cultivation is quite possible.
Temperature and lighting bright light with protection against direct rays, plants with green leaves can grow in partial shade.
Heat-loving plant, the optimum summer temperature is 18-20 degrees, winter - not lower than 12.
Humidity and watering - in summer, watering is plentiful, the soil in the pot should be constantly moist, but water stagnation must not be allowed. Winter humidification is moderate - do not allow the drying of an earthen coma.
At temperatures above 20 degrees or dry air, the corinocarpus is sprayed daily.
Fertilizer and fertilizing - fertilizers for citrus once every two weeks in the summer and once a month in the winter.
Soil and transplant for corinocarpus, you can take universal medium soil, a pot of ordinary shape, drainage should occupy 1/4 of the volume. The roots of the plant are very fragile, young specimens cross every spring, trying not to destroy the earthen lump, adults - once every 2-3 years.
Flowering and pruning - in room conditions, color is rare. The corinocarpus branches well without pruning, but adult plants can be pruned to restrain crown growth.
Propagation of Corinocarpus
The plant is propagated by seeds and rooted cuttings.
Seeds are poisonous and quickly lose their germination. They are planted immediately in separate pots, covered with glass or a transparent film and germinated in a sand-peat mixture at a temperature of at least 20 degrees. Seedlings grow very fast.
Summer semi-lignified cuttings with a length of at least 8 cm are treated with a growth stimulant and rooted in a sand-peat mixture at a temperature of 20 degrees. Contain cuttings under the film and at high humidity.
Pests, diseases and possible problems
- The corinocarpus can be affected by a mealybug, spider mite, and scale insects.
- With a lack of nutrition and lighting, the leaves become smaller, variegated forms lose their characteristic color.
- With excess or lack of moisture, drafts and a sharp drop in temperature, the plant can lose flowers and leaves.
- Direct sunlight can cause leaf burns, especially in corinos with a solid green color.
- If the plant bloomed and produced a large number of berries, the leaves may turn yellow and fall off - this is normal; after fruiting, cut off the bare branches.
Do not forget that with edible berries the seeds of the plant are poisonous.