Pandorea (Pandorea) - a climbing tree of the Bignonius family. His homeland is the subtropical regions of Australia. The genus includes 6 species. The flower got its name in honor of a beautiful woman - Pandora, who, by order of Zeus, brought to the earth a casket filled with many disasters.
Features of individual species
For indoor cultivation, jasmine-like pandorea is used. The leaves of this plant are shiny, saturated green. The flowers are large, white, pink, lilac in color with wide lapels; individual subspecies have a brightly colored pharynx.
Pandorea is an evergreen vine growing in the tropics. It is mainly used as an ornamental plant in the garden and greenhouses. To maintain optimal conditions for growth and development, it is necessary:
- constantly spray the plant from the spray gun;
- provide the flower with good lighting;
- make regular pruning and pinching;
- establish a strong support.
When the content of Pandorea is necessary to consider its features:
- for good growth and development, a period of winter dormancy with a low temperature is necessary;
- in the absence of good lighting, Pandorea does not bloom;
- planting requires large pots, a depth of not less than thirty centimeters.
Transplant and substrate
The soil mixture for planting should be light, so you need to add loosening materials. For its preparation, the following ingredients are required in equal parts:
- turf land;
- sand or perlite;
- leaf humus.
The plant is transplanted annually. At the bottom of the pot must be laid drainage of broken brick and sand.
Pandorea loves bright daylight. At least a couple of hours a day, direct sunlight should fall on the flower.
The plant does not have special requirements for ambient temperature. In winter, cool and dry maintenance is required.
Watering and feeding
Pandorea is watered sparingly, but regularly. With excess moisture, the root system can rot. In winter, the soil in the pot is kept in a semi-dry state, but the root coma should not be completely dried.
Top dressing is performed in the summer, twice a week.
Pandorea blooms at home, from February to July. Repeated flowering is possible.
The plant can reach, even at home, a height of three meters, so constant pinching of new shoots is required.
Pandorea is propagated:
- by seeds;
- apical cuttings.
Seeds are sown in small pots. After emergence, they are dived several times. At this time, it is necessary to maintain the temperature not lower than +21 degrees. Such specimens bloom in the second year.
Cuttings cut from the tops in the spring. Rooting takes place in sand or perlite using root stimulants. It is better to grow young seedlings in greenhouses with lower heating.
Pandorea can be affected by a spider mite, aphids and scale insects. In heavy soil, root rot may occur.
This is a rare flower in the middle lane, due to the intensive growth it is better to grow it in large rooms or winter greenhouses